Dubai is one of the seven Emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates. Dubai is located in a south of the Persian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula with the largest population of 2.2 million, 15% being Emiratis and 65% south Asians. Over the decades, Dubai has shown unbelievable growth, from a small fishing town to one of the most iconic cities in the world. The growth has been based on the oil discoveries and revenue it created. (Mazza, n.d.)In the past half century, Dubai’s economy was based on fishing, pearl diving, date farming, camel rearing and sea trade. By the turn of the 20th century, Dubai was a well-off port to attract settlers from Iran and India. This resulted to a large Indian population that settled in Dubai and was particularly active in the shops. This cosmopolitan atmosphere and air of tolerance began to attract other foreigners.
This paper aims to investigate ways which Dubai have used to attract globalization and develop their tourism industry. Dubai put tourism at the core of its economic development plans in order to diversify and strengthen its economy, while decreasing its dependency on fluctuating oil prices (Sharpley 2008). The plans have been successful; in 2007, non-oil revenues contributed to 63% of GDP, with Dubai contributing 29%, to the UAE’s total GDP. What is more surprising is that due to Dubai’s push to use tourism to diversify its economy, Dubai contributes over 80% of the non-oil related GDP in the UAE. Dubai is now considered one of the top tourist destinations in the world. In 2011, Dubai’s top tourist source markets outside the UAE were Saudi Arabia, India, UK, Iran, and the US.
Tourism in Dubai
Tourism in Dubai is an important part of the Dubai government's strategy to uphold the movement of foreign income. In 2011, the city of Dubai attracted 9 million tourists from all over the world (Mazza). Dubai’s success in tourism based economy involves two main components, these are Significant attractions and effective & attractive infrastructure. Dubai has good weather conditions that attract people from cold areas of the world, mostly Europe and northern parts of
Figure 1: Dubai Location in the Middle East region
Asia. Dubai has an array of hotels, restaurants, tourists’ activities, sporting grounds, the largest shopping mall, events and festivals, heritage and museums that all attract tourists.
There are 20 categories of tourist attractions in Dubai, resulting from a large scale construction boom. Dubai is expected to attract 15 million tourists from all around the world in 2015. These attractions are fit into seven segments of the tourism in Dubai. These segments are: cruise tourism, business tourism, sports tourism, eco- tourism, health care tourism, spa tourism and educational tourism. Euro monitor ranked the world's 150 most visited cities by international tourists in 2009; Dubai ranked 7th. Dubai hosted a record 10 million...