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Globalization And Hiv/Aids Essay

1897 words - 8 pages

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, commonly known as HIV/AIDS is a disease, with which the human immune system, unlike in other disease, cannot cope. AIDS, which is caused by the HIV virus, causes severe disorder of the immune system and slowly progresses through stages which disable the body’s capability to protect and instead makes it vulnerable for other infections. The first blood sample to contain HIV was drawn in 1959 in Zaire, Africa while molecular genetics have suggested that the epidemic first began in the 1930s (Smallman & Brown, 2011). Currently, according to the Joint UN Program on HIV/AIDS, 35.3 million people worldwide are living with HIV. ...view middle of the document...

With international travel becoming easier and cheaper than before, the spread of STDs like HIV is boosted. Globalization is both midwife to the rapid dissemination of HIV/AIDs, with the rapid proliferation of modern travel across, and, through concerted global action, triumphant conqueror over its devastating impact and expansion (Coovadia & Hadingham, 2005). The growth of low cost travel has certainly played a considerable role. Furthermore, women have less access to education, employment, decent work, union and social protection, and are more affected by reduced incomes from agricultural production. This is further escalated with globalization as it contributes to the feminization of poverty where women bear the entire burden of poverty. Thus, the fact that women face poverty along with sexual domination and oppression, elucidate the effect of globalization on women’s vulnerability to HIV infection. (International Coalition on AIDS and Development, 2008). Many Nepalese women who are falsely given the hope of getting jobs and having substantial income are entrapped and traded to Myanmar and India in a sex trade that stretches over thousands of miles (Beyrer, 1998). Similarly, Refugee populations are also at high risk. According to the estimation provided by UNHCR (United Nations High Commission for Refugees) 9.7 million move worldwide due to arising conflicts. , Likewise, internal migrants within countries, who oscillate between rural and urban milieu are also at risk. According to the International Labor Organization, at the beginning of the 21st century, 120 million workers worldwide were migrants (Coovadia & Hadingham, 2005). This bolsters the chances of diseases like HIV/AIDS being transmitted.
The increased number of HIV/AIDS infection rate creates negative impacts on other international issues, specifically the economy. Looking at the economics dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole, the negative impacts caused due to HIV/AIDs differ. UNAIDS, the joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS posits that any kind of assertion in economic development, as measured by Gross Domestic Product will be counterbalanced by decrease in numbers due to a rise in mortality, therefore causing resource consumption. (UNAIDS, 2004). Theoretically, as the population size declines relative to GDP, there is an increase in per capita GDP. Econometric research, however, has shown that AIDS has either an insignificant impact on per capita GDP, or actually decreases it (Coovadia & Hadingham, 2005) The qualitative effects of higher mortality are also considerable: the erosion of social and intellectual capital and decreased investment in populations of the future has far-reaching consequences for society as a whole (United Nations Population Division, 2003).
The major economic impact is on economies on the micro level including individuals, small markets, and to some extent, a state’s national economic...

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