Globalization And Mothering Essay

2482 words - 10 pages

Globalization and MotheringGlobalization refers broadly to three main forms of worldwide integration: economic, political, and cultural. While globalization's definition as well as its impact is much debated, the term is commonly used to refer to the rise of interdependent national economies that created a global flow of capital, people, goods, and services during the second half of the 20th century. Globalization has undoubtedly created new economic opportunities for women. Since the 1960s, the number of women working for pay in the formal and informal sectors has risen markedly in every region. Women themselves have been beneficiaries of globalization. As wage earners, women are able to choose to delay or refuse marriage, participate in household decisions, and care for themselves and their children. An additional and unexpected benefit of globalization has been the increased ability of women's and feminist groups to form transnational networks.However, as feminist scholars and activists have documented, globalization has created a several interrelated phenomena relevant to mothers and mothering, including unsafe working conditions, women's labor made cheap through national and international policies, environmental damage, women's transnational migration, and a global care crisis. Although some of these factors follow a historical timeline, others should be considered as happening simultaneously, producing compounded effects.History of Mothers and GlobalizationBefore considering how globalization has affected mothers, it is just as important to ask when globalization occurred, as to ask what globalization is. Although globalization usually refers to more recent historical phenomena, European imperialism and the subsequent industrial revolution began this process. From the 16th century onwards, imperialism involved mothers as European colonizers and as colonized subjects in underdeveloped countries. Globalization might be understood as consisting of several phases including European colonization of much of the globe; the growth of European trade in the 1800s; the contraction of world markets in the wake of World War I and the Great Depression; the imposition of Western ideas of industrialization and development on the underdeveloped countries since the 1950s; concurrent opposition to globalization through the emergence of import substitution policies in parts of Latin America, Africa, and Asia; and a new era of free trade starting in the 1990s.European women's role in colonial rule is a complex one that encompassed resistance to imperialism, such as their work in the antislavery movement, as well as complicity in its aims. European women (especially those of the middle and upper classes) were often able to assume more power and prestige through their roles as wives and mothers in colonial locations than in their countries of origin. White women worked as missionaries and teachers in the colonies, occupying positions of authority not available to...

Find Another Essay On Globalization and Mothering

phase diagram Essay

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art Essay

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Myth and Magic: Realism in "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

1531 words - 6 pages “He enjoyed his grandmother's unique way of telling stories. No matter how fantastic or improbable her statements, she always delivered them as if they were the irrefutable truth” (Wikipedia, 2011). Experiences are particular instances of one personally encountering or undergoing something and in these moments of time life changes for the best or the worst and memories are formed. These recollections such as riding your first bicycle, going to

Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients

2384 words - 10 pages Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The

The Congo Free State: A Legacy of Apathy, Exploitation and Brutality

2298 words - 9 pages Between 1885 and 1908, Belgium’s Leopold II ruled Congo, a region in central Africa, as his personal colony, exploiting the resources and inhabitants for his own gain. Leopold allowed and encouraged Europeans and other Westerners to enter Congo and set up companies whose primary purpose was to gather rubber, which was abundant but difficult to get to in the Congo, using the Congolese as the laborers for the Europeans. Rubber gathering in Congo

Similar Essays

Global Citizen Essay

942 words - 4 pages David Beckham is no longer British. Those are examples of recent globalization we witnessed: they all have become international, connecting people with different age, race and sex. But most important, we share responsibility for what is happening to the planet as a whole. I would like to think myself as a global citizen. Not because I am passive non-violent citizen who believes for the better future, trusting the government and organizations to

Gender Inequalities In The Workplace Essay

2205 words - 9 pages are greatly dependent on their ability, background and culture. These characteristics influence how individuals perceive the world around them and their expectations toward others.Socialization and information overload also play a big role in gender stereotyping. Individuals begin learning stereotypes as early as in their infancy. According to The Reproduction Mothering theory by Nancy Chodorow (1978), infants learn expected gender behaviors and

Gender Inequality In Workplace Essay

3450 words - 14 pages , background and culture. These characteristics influence how individuals perceive the world around them and their expectations toward others.Socialization and information overload also play a big role in gender stereotyping. Individuals begin learning stereotypes as early as in their infancy. According to The Reproduction Mothering theory by Nancy Chodorow (1978), infants learn expected gender behaviors and stereotypes from their mothers. The girls

When The Bubble Burst Essay

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I