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Globalization: Disjuncture In The Global Cultural Economy

1359 words - 5 pages

The idea of globalization includes a variety of different aspects of economic, political, and societal life. In order to question of whether or not globalization has a progressive or downbeat influence in our contemporary world, we should look at different perspectives of component of globalization. According to Marx and Engels, globalization can be raised from capitalism, which a class struggle between who own the means of production and those who work for a wage exist. Throughout a development of cooperative resist on the part of groups of people with similar economic situations, they argue that capitalism brings optimistic and pessimistic impacts into our modern society. Correspondingly, in the article “Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy,” Arjun Appadurai agrees with Marx and Engels’ argument on the cause of globalization, yet somewhat disagrees on a process of globalization producing cultural dominance over one another. As both of the readings convey the accomplishment and failure of globalization by highlighting on its national and international specificity, diverse ways in which the global assimilation indicates people within different traditional, economic, and social contexts are illustrated, pointing out strengths and weaknesses of their arguments. Moreover, Robeson Taj Frazier’s concept of globalization in his article “China’s Chocolate Girl Wonder: Lou Jing and Anti-Black Racism” can be connected to Appadurai’s idea of disjuncture flows through an example of Lou Jing’s nationality as a Black Chinese and Chinese in China. Consequently, throughout comparing and contrasting the various notions of globalization that Marx and Engels, Appadurai and Frazier argue, we become to recognize globalization as a tool to give us a chance to rethink of globalizing not just as a dominating entity, yet a chance to understand the mechanism of this global culture.
Since the new universal confront expansion of the capitalist society, this has intricate globalization as the unavoidable result of the creation and contacts in the global world. First of all, globalization means free trade and transnational capitalism or new ways to forge global communities. With its description of globalization, Marx and Engels say they believe that capitalism and its growing development are establishing greater class antagonisms between those who own the means of manufacture and those who labor for a salary. These capitalists face inevitable antagonism and machinery reproduction as less technologically developed economies tend to globalize and venture overseas. In addition, Arjun Appadurai points out about “print capitalism,” which Benedict Anderson has called to explain “a new power as unleashed in the world, the power of mass literacy and its attendant large-scale production of projects of ethnic affinity that were remarkably free of the need for face to face communication or even of indirect communication between persons and groups” (Appadurai,...

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