With the world changing and advancing with technology, criminal organizations are taking advantage of new opportunities. The advancement of travel, ease of communication, and an increase in demand, has all contributed to the globalization of crime. Every nation has been affected by the globalization of crime and the problem continues to grow.
The term globalization is defined as the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of capital, and tapping of cheap foreign labor markets ("Globalization," 2013). Anytime there is economic gain or the need for cheap labor, there is opportunity for crime to grow. The globalization of crime can be traced back to hundreds of years ago. An example is in the late 1600’s to 1700’s, the ocean became the main source of travel for merchants. With the trade routes established, there was an opportunity for criminals to steal when the ships were most vulnerable. These criminals were commonly known as pirates and grew in number as countries expanded and traffic increased. The problem became so severe, countries utilized their navy to protect ships and track down the pirate ships.
With the world expanding and explorers setting out to discover new lands, the ability to reach out to other civilizations is becoming a reality. The discovery of new drugs or rare items in other lands, led to criminal groups expanding their reach to take advantage of the new market. Many new communities that were built lacked adequate protection or law enforcement which led to small groups of marauders that would terrorize the settlers and take their food and supplies. This also developed relationships with people in two different nations that had a common goal. A crime group in Europe could make a deal with a crime group in Asia to transport drugs. The Asian crime group would utilize forced labor to grow and pack the drugs while the European group would purchase the drugs and transport them home. The Asian crime group will now have a new customer base allowing them to sell much more drugs then just staying local. The European group will not be able to purchase the drugs at a low cost and eliminates the risk of having to manufacture the drugs themselves. Both organizations benefit from the relationship and it allows them to expand to other areas.
Another aspect of globalization is that crime expands from what is known as street level to corruption within governments. With the increase in profit and expanding markets, criminal organizations are now able to bribe local government officials. In some nations, the corruption is wide spread and has become a major source of income. In Mexico, the drug cartels are known for their violent methods and influence on the government officials. One method is to bribe the official but if they refuse, the next option is usually the murder of the official. This sends out a message to others to cooperate or die. The Mexican drug cartels influence has...