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Globalization Process In Afghanistan Essay

2558 words - 10 pages

Afghanistan is a very troubled country. Its recent history is full of wars and revolutions that undermined its democratic and economic status in the world. Afghanistan's economy is recovering from decades of conflict. The economy has improved significantly since the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001 largely because of the infusion of international assistance, the recovery of the agricultural sector, and service sector growth. Despite the progress of the past few years, Afghanistan is extremely poor, landlocked, and highly dependent on foreign aid. Much of the population continues to suffer from shortages of housing, clean water, electricity, medical care, and jobs. Criminality, insecurity, weak governance, lack of infrastructure, and the Afghan Government's difficulty in extending rule of law to all parts of the country pose challenges to future economic growth. Afghanistan's living standards are among the lowest in the world. The international community remains committed to Afghanistan's development, pledging over $67 billion at nine donors' conferences between 2003-2010. In July 2012, the donors at the Tokyo conference pledged an additional $16 billion in civilian aid through 2015. Despite this help, the Government of Afghanistan will need to overcome a number of challenges, including low revenue collection, anemic job creation, high levels of corruption, weak government capacity, and poor public infrastructure. (2) Nevertheless the high level of corruption still does not hinder development of education in the country. Literacy rates in Afghanistan have been very low. While total population had 28.1% male and female distributions are stunning. 43.1% of males above age of 15 can read and write while only 12.6% of females over the age of 15 can read and write. (3) According to different sources, Afghan government is trying to improve those numbers. Afghanistan is not participating in globalization as much as other countries do. Afghanistan is a curious case to study as there is not much information about globalization of this country. Due to this we will try to find patterns that could indicate what is hindering or what is supporting globalization. We will examine History, economy, physical features, connectivity, and education. In this way we think that we will be able to assess role of each one in the globalization process and conclude what affects globalization of Afghanistan. By examining the information we hypothesize that the reason for hindering of globalization in Afghanistan is not one problem but it is a cluster of problems created historically, culturally, and economically.
Afghanistan is officially known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. It is a landlocked sovereign state covering parts of South Asia, Central Asia and to some extent West Asia. It has population of over 30 million people distributed on 647,500 km2. This makes Afghanistan 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world. (1) Afghanistan is bordered by...

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