Different elements, similar ramification
Transnationality and Globalization are interconnected phenomena and processes. In popular discourse economic, cultural, technological and military globalization are often presented as the very conditions of socio-economic development and environmental sustainability- a one way process of democratization and modernization of non-western states and people following western format which is shared worldwide amongst all developing countries.
Although globalization proved to connect different cultures, people and countries, the recent collapse of financial markets in big economies and environmental degradation caused by wrong exploitative policies of ...view middle of the document...
Google and Yahoo entered the Chinese market under conditions defined by government to control citizens’ access to unfavorable content.
In studying transnational cultures we concern the way media moves from one nation to another and among different cultures. Culture, in all its diversity, is to be understood as a source of permanent regeneration to avoid stagnation and the degeneration of humanity.
`Nationalistic cultural policies maintain a high level of indigenous content in nation’s media, though try to prevent foreign content in mass media. However, this approach was defeated by communication boom and outbreak of modern technologies, like satellite TVs. The new culture of modernity (with emphasis on western values and liberal ideology against the very foundation of all indigenous cultural traditions and religious thoughts) which is the new fabric of cultural attitudes, has vastly spread around the world with availability far beyond national media, even in the most unreachable locations on earth.
The goal of such widespread global outreach would be to idealize western lifestyle and create global markets (consumerism) for western cultural products opposite to national and regional cultural differences as in clothing and fashion industries. Besides some advantages of transnational cultures, modeling a world-class synchronized culture for all different nations is a move toward loss of identity and elimination of all regional traditions that is basically wrong.
The “look” of metropolitan cities in East Asia is more like New York and London rather than their “own” cultural characteristics and architectural background. Local Chinese cultures are more like touristic attractions instead of being nationally respected clothing and behavioral styles. Cultural centers of Tokyo are the main aspect of Japanese traditional cultures with ancient temples and history-long icons, but you can visit few young people wandering amongst the temples, wearing traditional Japanese Clothes. Unfortunately, much of the cultural heritage of developing and underdeveloped states are kept in museums and new generations rarely prefer their historic traditions over imposed modern western styles.
Cultural scholars believe transnational cultural movements and flows to be positive. Traditional cultures were not flawless, therefore the Transnationality would act to disseminate a modified version of previous or even wrong traditions. In some cases, limitations caused by traditional cultural assumptions about women’s life, for example, motivated feminist societies to utilize new means of communication for creating equal living opportunities for women as men.
One of the best examples in studying transnational cultures is India, as a postcolonial country that was ruled under Britain monarchy for centuries. The British created a nation out of many diverse ethnic, cultural, regional, and linguistic parts, and that diversity persists today. More than 5 percent of Indians speak English...