Gm Foods Essay

1619 words - 6 pages

GM FoodsOver the past decade genetically modified foods or GM crops as many people may call them, have became a big issue surrounding our food. There are many arguments on the pros and cons of the genetically modified food debate and no one seems to becoming up with a solution that could suite everyone. The two main issues these topics bring up are the arguments about the benefits and the risks. The benefits are herbicide tolerant crops that encourage less tilling, less soil erosion, and better crop production, and the possible risks are the possibility of creating new or more disastrous pests and pathogens that can out way the benefits of genetically modified foods.Biotechnology is what started our fascination about genetically modified foods and the possibilities it could bring us. You might be asking yourself what is plant biotechnology? Plant biotechnology is the process of transferring isolated genetic material of organisms to specific plants so that the plants can carry and reproduce a desired genetic trait that farmers or consumers might desire. These plants often have been produced by techniques in which "foreign" genes are inserted into the microorganisms, plants, or animals. Foreign genes are genes taken from sources other than the organism's natural parents. So basically GM plants contain genes that they would not normally have contained if researchers never had messed with the plants. This biotechnology became part of the food we eat because they want bigger and better crops so they use this method to genetically modify our food for a so called better outcome. The best argument for genetically engineered crops is the opportunity they present to help people with scarce food supplies, especially in the developing countries. Some of these crops are genetically modified to resist drought which can help increase crop productivity giving them more food to eat and sell. Also giving these poor farmers genetically modified seeds will give them the opportunity to survive and even pull themselves out of poverty. Another potential of genetic engineering is that the modified seeds can produce crops full of extra vitamins and minerals needed to help people who would not get these extra vitamins and minerals that they need. The potential to help these developing countries is real and cannot be ignored. There is potential to help others get the nutrition they deserve but, we can't help being concerned about the reverse effects of genetic engineering. In the new high-tech farming there is a real potential for unexpected threats to us and the world around us. The debate whether the GM crops will benefit people or if they will have a terrible impact on us and the earth, has just started and no end can be seen.One answer to the food shortage due to the massive population growth is biotech crops. Biotech crops have offer benefits to the people and the environment. A long history of genetic researching and developing in plants and animals have made food...

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