Gmo History Outline, Prehistoric, Agriculture, Dna, Patent Issue Evr 1001 L Outline

666 words - 3 pages

Estrella? ?Madia
Yevegiyna? ?Lopatina
October? ?6,? ?2017
EVR? ?1001
GMO:? ?History? ?Outline
1. Prehistoric
a. Contrary? ?to? ?popular? ?belief,? ?humans? ?have? ?been? ?messing? ?with? ?food? ?and? ?its? ?genes? ?for
a? ?long? ?time
i. even? ?if? ?they? ?originally? ?gave? ?most? ?of? ?the? ?control? ?to? ?nature.
b. Since? ?the? ?advent? ?of? ?agriculture? ?12,000? ?years? ?ago,? ?farmers? ?have? ?strived? ?to? ?improve
their? ?crops
i. Durability
ii. resistance? ?to? ?diseases? ?and? ?pests
iii. satisfaction? ?to? ?humans? ?as? ?much? ?as? ?possible.
c. Over? ?the? ?years,? ?as? ?humans? ?chose? ?certain? ?qualities? ?over? ?others? ?in? ?plants,? ?they
molded? ?crops? ?into? ?what? ?they? ?wanted? ?them? ?to? ?be
i. Bigger
ii. Tastier
iii. juicier.
d. We? ?altered? ?these? ?plants? ?so? ?much? ?that? ?they? ?developed? ?into? ?crops? ?that? ?would? ?never
survive? ?in? ?the? ?wild? ?without? ?human? ?care.
e. Plants? ?such? ?as
i. Strawberries
ii. Wheat
iii. Cabbage
iv. Corn
v. almost? ?all? ?the? ?rest? ?of? ?our? ?crops
1. These? ?crops? ?were? ?nothing? ?like? ?they? ?were? ?back? ?in? ?the? ?day? ?by? ?our
ancestors
2. History
a. 1935? ??? ?DNA? ?Discovered
i. Russian? ?scientist? ?Andrei? ?Nikolaevitch? ?Belozersky? ?isolates? ?pure? ?DNA.
b. 1973? ??? ?Recombinant? ?DNA? ?Created
i. The? ?idea? ?for? ?man-made? ?DNA,? ?or? ?rDNA,? ?comes? ?from? ?a? ?grad? ?student? ?at
Stanford? ?University? ?Medical? ?School.? ?Professor? ?Herbert? ?Boyer? ?and? ?a? ?few? ?of
his? ?biologist? ?colleagues? ?run? ?with? ?it.
c. 1975? ??? ?Asilomar? ?Conference
i. A? ?group? ?of? ?biologists? ?get? ?together? ?with? ?a? ?few? ?lawyers? ?and? ?doctors? ?to? ?create
guidelines? ?for? ?the? ?safe? ?use? ?of? ?genetically? ?engineered? ?DNA.
d. 1980? ??? ?First? ?GMO? ?Patent? ?Issued
i. A? ?1980? ?court? ?case? ?between? ?a? ?genetics? ?engineer? ?at? ?General? ?Electric? ?and? ?the
U.S.? ?Patent? ?Office? ?is? ?settled
e. 1982? ??? ?FDA? ?Approves? ?First? ?GMO
i. Humulin,? ?insulin? ?produced? ?by? ?genetically? ?engineered? ?E.? ?coli? ?bacteria,
appears? ?on? ?the? ?market.
f. 1994? ??? ?GMO? ?Hits? ?Grocery? ?Stores
i. The? ?delayed-ripening? ?tomato? ?has? ?a? ?longer? ?shelf? ?life? ?than? ?conventional
tomatoes.
g. 1996? ??? ?GMO-Resistant? ?Weeds
i. Weeds? ?resistant? ?to? ?glyphosate,? ?the? ?herbicide? ?used? ?with? ?many? ?GMO? ?crops,
are? ?detected? ?in? ?Australia.? ?Research? ?shows? ?that? ?the? ?super? ?weeds? ?are? ?seven
to? ?11? ?times? ?more? ?resistant? ?to? ?glyphosate? ?than? ?the? ?standard? ?susceptible
population.
h. 1997? ??? ?Mandatory? ?Labels
i. The? ?European? ?Union? ?rules? ?in?...

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