"God And The World" Talks About Teleological,Cosmological Arguments And The Problem Of Causality In Ch.9 Of Questions That Matter(Se).

803 words - 3 pages

In chapter 9, we read about natural theology and the two arguments for the existence of god. Those two arguments are The Cosmological Argument and The Teleological Argument.In reading the chapter we define the difference between Natural Theology and Revealed Theology. Natural Theology is the study or science of god through natural intellect in its natural state, unaided by any special or supernatural input. It is also referred as rational theology. Revealed theology means knowledge of god through special revelation such as the bible, church, Moses, Christ, the Holy Spirit etc... In revealed theology god has his own way of approaching humanity.It is important to note that most philosophers who have made the strongest arguments of god's existence have already believed in divine revelation. They needed strong arguments that were unbiased to show the world of god's existence.In believing in god we first must prove that god exists. This brings us to the two most important arguments on gods existence. The cosmological argument is based on the belief that there must be a first cause of everything. It's like saying "God has to exist, the universe had to come from somewhere".The most famous proofs for god are in St Thomas Aquinas "Five Ways". Here the existence of god is proved in five ways.1.The argument of motion. Here he explains that everything in motion has to be caused by someone or something and that when you backtrack to the original source of motion you get god.2.The nature of efficient cause. It is first necessary to admit a first efficient cause, because no one can be prior to self. Therefore the first efficient cause is god.3.Possibility and necessity. Because something can not-be (existed) at some time is not (non existent). If everything can not be (exist) then at one point there was nothing in existence. Therefore something must have existed before nothing and this is god.4.Among beings there are some more and some less good, true, noble. Something that has the most of this is the greatest. In beings the one which to all beings is the greatest is god.5.We see that things that lack knowledge (natural bodies) act for an end. Therefore some intelligent being exists who directs all natural things to an end. This intelligent being is god.In this chapter St. Thomas Aquinas also argued from a philosophical standpoint that the world had no beginning. But others believed...

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