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God's Covenant With Moses Essay

867 words - 3 pages

God's Covenant with Moses

“Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all my
nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth
is mine, you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation”

A covenant was a legal agreement that set out the terms of a
relationship between 2 or more parties. The covenant was the basis of
Israel’s relationship with god, the covenant was god’s initiative and
the people of Israel were to accept the terms of the covenant and try
to be obedient to them. The covenant allowed the people to have an
intimate relationship with god and it set them apart from others to be
a holy nation. “I will establish my covenant as an everlasting
covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the
generations to come, to be your god and the god of the descendants
after you.

There were 2 main types of covenant, Promissory and obligatory.

The covenant between god and the people of Israel was however a
mixture of both. The promissory aspect of the covenant was that god
promised his people land, authority, his blessing (protection) and
descendants, however the Sinai covenant was also an obligatory one
which meant the Israelites had obligations which were to be upheld (10
commandments) if they were to receive gods gifts, In this covenant
there is not an agreement made between 2 parties of equal standing as
god is superior whilst Israel is inferior. “The Patriarchal covenant
rested only on the divine promise and demanded of the worshipper only
his trust” (J bright)

The Sinai covenant is the supreme covenant of the Old Testament and
from the moment the Israelites accept the covenant they are bound to
the unbreakable union with Yahweh “The escaping slaves recognised
their dept to Yahweh and his servant Moses and pledged themselves to
worship him.” (Drane)

Therefore the people owe god worship, fidelity and obedience, and god
promises to assist them and deliver them, however if they are
unfaithful then god will remove his favour.

Moses was a...

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