God’s Existence And The Importance Of The Resurrection To Christianity

1518 words - 7 pages

Prominent figures like Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens have all argued that God does not exist. However, there is historical proof for God’s existence. Using different theories, this paper will show that God, the creator of the universe exists. The proof that God exists is also seen in the fact that we have a savior, Jesus Christ. Our compassionate God sent his son Jesus to die for all the world’s sin. The sting of sin is death, but thanks to God Christ took away this sting by dying on the cross. Jesus made atonement for sin. It is through Christ that we live. Paul wrote triumphantly in 1 Corinthians 15:55, “O death, where is your victory? O death, where is your sting?” Similarly, Christians rejoice because we have victory over death.
To begin, proof of God’s existence is seen in the group of cosmological arguments. The cosmological arguments are a set of arguments that demonstrate the existence of a sufficient reason or first cause of the existence of the cosmos, or the universe as a whole. There are three different types of cosmological arguments, the Kalam, Thomist and and Leibnizian cosmological arguments. Proponents of the cosmological argument include Plato, Aristotle, and John Locke. Contemporary defenders include William Lane Craig, Alvin Plantinga and Richard Swinburne.
Aristotle believed the universe existed since eternity and Christian philosopher John Philoponus (490–570 AD) seeked to refute this theory (Cambridge Dictionary of Christian Theology). This led to the the kalam cosmological argument. In A Defense of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God, William Lane Craig outlines the kalam cosmological argument. Craig states, the universe had a beginning at some moment in the finite past and, since something cannot come into being from nothing, must therefore have a transcendent cause. If the universe has a cause of its existence, an uncaused, personal creator of the universe exists.That creator is God. God, without creation, is beginningless, changeless, immaterial, timeless, spaceless, and enormously powerful and intelligent.
Genesis 1:1 says in the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The next type of cosmological argument is the Thomist cosmological argument, named after Thomas Aquinas. This theory seeks a cause first in the sense of rank. The reasoning behind the Thomist cosmological argument is as follows. What we observe in this universe is contingent, meaning it is dependent and conditional. A sequence of causally related contingent things cannot be infinite. The sequence of causally dependent contingent things must be finite. Therefore, there must be a first cause in the sequence of contingent causes. This first cause is God (Weitnauer).
there is a sustainer of the universe’s existence
Working to answer the question, ‘Why is there something rather than nothing?’ the Leibnizian cosmological argument came about. (Moreland and Craig, 466). Every existing thing thing has an explanation of its...

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