This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Positive Feedback And Motivation: Extrinsic Rewards Effect On Intrinsic Motivation In Sports

1070 words - 4 pages

Deci & Ryan (1985) described the study of motivation as the exploration of the energization and direction of behavior (p. 3), and an adequate theory of motivation must therefore take into account both the needs that are innate to the organism (i.e. those that must be satisfies for the organism to remain healthy) and those that are acquired through interactions with the environment (Deci, 1985). The Cognitive Evaluation Theory (CET), a sub theory of the Self-Determination theory deals with the effects of extrinsic motivation on an individual’s intrinsic motivation. CET focuses on two fundamental needs, perceived competence and autonomy, sub dimensions of intrinsic motivation, are enriched or reduced based on environment and social factors. Perceived competence accompanied by feelings of autonomy has been shown to have a positive impact on intrinsic motivation (Deci & Ryan, 2000). Based upon research, CET has shown that extrinsic rewards can undermine a person’s intrinsic motivation and shift a person’s motivation from internal to external (Deci, 1971; Lepper, Greene, & Nisbett, 1973. But does the same theory apply to individuals who are intrinsically motivated who participate in sports. Research has demonstrated that participation in exercise tends to be more extrinsically motivated than participation in sport does, but that the more autonomous forms of regulation are important in maintaining activity levels of both over time (Ryan & Deci, 2007). There have been earlier studies that have shown that positive performance feedback enhanced intrinsic motivation (e.g., Deci, 1971; Harackiewicz, 1979). In the sport domain, many environmental and interpersonal factors (e.g., rewards, coaches’ behaviors) can affect athletes’ feelings of competence, autonomy, and relatedness, and, in turn, intrinsic motivation (Vallerand & Losier, 1999).
Previous research that has involved coaching feedback and its effect on an athlete’s intrinsic motivation has involved collegiate athletes. By using collegiate athletes it makes it difficult for experimenter to control for confounding variable such as financial assistance. If an athlete is on scholarship, this extrinsic reward may have an impact on type of motivation the student possesses. One can only wondered if researchers used a sample where no students received financial assistance for example high school students, researchers would be able to have their participants start on the same level and could therefore get an accurate interpretation of the athlete’s motivation without having to account for extraneous variables.
Statement of the problem
The CET states that extrinsic rewards can weaken an individual intrinsic motivation. Previous studies have found that when associated with the realm of sport this is not the case. Previous studies have used collegiate athletes to conduct their research but since some athletes receive financial assistance this is additional environmental/social factor that the...

Find Another Essay On Positive Feedback and Motivation: Extrinsic Rewards Effect on Intrinsic Motivation in Sports

Motivation: Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Essay

1084 words - 4 pages person will persistently pursue their goals. In the absence of a positive feeling about the tasks at hand, the individual is left with only extrinsic motivation (financial rewards for example) to hang on to, absence of which becomes a task in futility (Whitehead, 1991). The mind is therefore a major contributor to self-motivation of the individual concerned and to the achievements and success that will be realized in the long-term. The

PSY320 / Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic Motivation - General Electric

973 words - 4 pages keep their employees motivated (GEMS, 2004). GE motivates their employee with numerous programs that have been previously discussed. GE counts on their employees to have intrinsic motivation but know that sometimes-extrinsic motivators are necessary.Extrinsic motivators come from both environmental incentives and consequences (pg. 119). GE has provided many incentives for their employees. Incentives are emotional events that will attract an

Extrinsic Motivation

2117 words - 8 pages shows how various assignments have their effect on the students’ motivation and different factors that influence the students’ motivation. NDT Resource Center. (Spring 2000). Helping students become motivated learners. Retrieved October 12, 2004, from This site describes what a teacher should say or not say in a classroom setting to students. It gives in

How Intrinsic and Extrinsic rewards can help Advanced Business Solution

2048 words - 8 pages two factor theory of motivation posits that there are two sets of factors that could motivate individuals at workplace. Intrinsic factors are concerned with achievement, work itself, growth and achievement while extrinsic factors includes: company policy, supervision, interpersonal relationships,3Case Study AnalysisThe main problem of ABS was the insensibility of the Managing Partner (MP) in providing better rewards in the form of increase in

Intrinsic Motivation in the Classroom

1396 words - 6 pages , researching a topic of interest because you want to know more about it for your own sake. The way in which I would promote intrinsic motivation in my classroom is by focusing on setting personally meaningful goals so that all the students feel challenged, stimulating curiosity to peak interest, clarifying the cause and effect relationships between what we’re learning in comparison to real life things, using fantasy to help students imagine themselves

Intrinsic Motivation is Ideal

1867 words - 7 pages . This idea can easily be applied to the classroom with use of both tangible and verbal rewards. "The important point from the studies mentioned is that the effect of rewards and communications on intrinsic motivation depends on whether they are interpreted by the recipients as being primarily informational or primarily controlling" (Deci and Ryan, 1981, p.10). This application is very important in schools because rewards and communications

My Positive and Negative Experiences with Motivation in Elementary School

1510 words - 6 pages Darnaby, along with all the schools in the Union district, is an excellent school and I take pride knowing that I had the opportunity to go there. They have a reputation for being a premier school with excellent academics and sports. Even Union mentions on their website that they are a “premier school system known for excellent academics and sports … and has a teaching style designed to address the needs of unique and diverse learners.” But when

The Effect of Sportsmanship and Motivation on Athletic Aggression

1433 words - 6 pages aggression, and (c) sportspersonship orientations will impact athletic aggression in two distinctive ways. A positive relationship between sports orientation and instrumental aggression is expected. Yet, a negative relationship is anticipated between the orientations and the reactive aggression. To test their hypothesis they experiment with over 200 men in for two different studies. For the first study they tested 102 male physical

The Effect of Motivation on Language Learning

897 words - 4 pages to take students' interests and active role into consideration Vallerand (1997) created the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) on the basis of the self-determination theory instituted by Deci and Ryan (1985). The intrinsic motivation is divided into three types: intrinsic motivation to know (IM-Knowledge); intrinsic motivation towards accomplishment (IM-Accomplishment), and intrinsic motivation to experience stimulation (IM- Stimulation). IM

The Effect of Reading Buddies on Motivation to Read in Low-Performing Students With and Without Disabilities

3705 words - 15 pages , Schaffner, Moller, & Wigfield, 2012). In related research, reading motivation has been analyzed and subsequently outlined in lists of up to thirteen categories that include primarily intrinsic and extrinsic components (Moller and Bonerad, 2007; Schaffner and Schiefele, 2007; Schiefele, et al., 2012; Strauss & Corbin, 1998; Wigfield and Guthrie, 1997). For the purpose of this study, the author will focus primarily on the affirming motivations

Intrinsic Motivation is the Disire o be Successful

1999 words - 8 pages make their own decisions. Have students make their own decisions, but with the guidance of a teacher. This can increase the intrinsic motivation of students. Intrinsic rewards that can be given to students as rewards achievement , appreciation, participation , and so on . Achievement award will be given to students who get good results and high . In addition, it will give satisfaction to those who obtained the award. Students will be able to see

Similar Essays

Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation Essay

3603 words - 14 pages Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation Students are generally classified by two different types of motivation, which are, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. These two types of motivation are the basis for a student’s action and their view of how they perceive schooling and even life. The first type of motivation is intrinsic motivation, which “generally refers to motivation to engage in an activity because that activity is enjoyable and

Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation Essay

654 words - 3 pages will get rewards for being brave, while his real motivations for his actions was to try to keep the kids alive and his neighbor from getting into bigger depression. At the closing, some of the reasons for some people’s action are intrinsic, extrinsic, or both motivations. Even though no one on earth could say all the motivations that are involved in a person, so that person does take those actions. The things that really matters are what were

Intrinsic Versus Extrinsic Motivation Essay

1572 words - 6 pages Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Motivation Introduction The success of any business depends on the productivity and satisfaction of its employees. Employees need to be motivated to work. Motivation can be defined as the inner force that drives individuals to accomplish personal and organizational goals. Motivation can be either intrinsic or extrinsic. For an individual to be motivated in a work situation there must be a need

Motivation; Intrinsic Vs. Extrinsic Essay

1134 words - 5 pages readers. Tim is a perfect example of a student who is intrinsically motivated. Thus being said, “for a student to experience intrinsic motivation, their focus of awareness is on their personal interest in the experience of the learning tasks” (Fransson, 1977). Tim understands that there are rewards associated with passing the course in which he has chosen to take, but Tim's interest lies in his love for writing and someday becoming a journalist