The United States became increasingly involved with the War in Vietnam mostly thanks to their enmity with Russia due to the fact they were Communist, and how the USSR spread claiming countries that could’ve been turned democratic and become trading partners of the US. While Russia, Britain and the USA were all allies in WW1, they disagreed on many things, especially on how Germany should be punished and how should Europe be handled.
THE USSR AND THE USA.
During 1940-1970, the USSR and the USA were the world’s leading superpowers. After WW2, it was the US money that helped rebuild nearly all of Western Europe, putting nearly half a dozen countries into debt. They opened trade and helped Europe’s ravaged economy to get back onto its feet. They did so by creating the ‘Marshall Plan’ on June the 5th, 1947. The plans aim was to reconstruct Western Europe and at the same time to stop Communism spreading to them – the Americans were avid believers in the Domino Theory, and believed that communism would take over all of Europe if they did not intervene. They also created other policies such as the Truman doctrine on March the 12th, 1947 (which is a set of principles that state that the US as the worlds ‘leading country’ will help out other democratic governments worldwide) and NATO, 4th of April 1949.
The Russians, who were also strongly affected by the war, were not deciding to retreat back to their borders without gaining anything - they were not allowed to attend the Treaty of Versailles or take part in agreeing on the terms and reparations that Germany was to pay off, thus getting no reward from participating in the war. Bitter with this prospect, Stalin decided to answer with his own set of policies, such as the ComEcom, ComInform, and the Warsaw Pact, all of which were founded in 1947. As the Treaty of Versailles did not make up for any lost land, Stalin made sure the countries his forces had occupied during WW2 became communist allies of Russia.
The result of these two country’s actions divided Europe into two halves, separated by a solid (fictional) ‘Iron curtain’. This also resulted in the Cold War, which was a war of words, lies, threats and different ideologies. It consisted of the two superpowers stockpiling massive amounts of nuclear weapons in fear that the other might attack. Eventually both countries had collected enough warheads to destroy the world many times over.
THE CONFLICT IN VIETNAM.
In Vietnam, a civil war was raging on with the French rulers, who were there since 1856. At the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, 1954, they were finally kicked out.
However, Europe wasn’t happy with this - at the Geneva Conventions they decided to divide Vietnam into two parts at the 17 parallel – South Vietnam and North Vietnam. The Geneva conference stated that the French had to leave, but they stayed on South Vietnam’s side as to the advantages each side received.
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN NORTH VIETNAM AND SOUTH VIETNAM.
North Vietnam was a communist...