Gorbachev. Essay

947 words - 4 pages

Moises Park"D"GorbachevGorbachev was one of the last leaders that changed the USSR to a bettercountry. He was the one whom liberated the USSR from communism. He had very fewachievements and failures. Thus, some people say he achieved something that theUSSR people wanted. He made USSR into a democratic country. During his rule hedid not succeed what he wanted to do for the USSR. His achievements were toreform the soviet system, change in economy and living standards, and themilitary power of the west. Indeed, Gorbachev did make some changes into hiscountry but those weren't all the achievements he wanted to make for the USSR.Gorbachev was born in March 2, 1931 in Privol'noye village, Krasnogvardeiskydistrict, and Stavropol region. He lived during the rule of Joseph Stalin; hewas there during WWII feeling how WWII was. This means that Gorbachev sufferedand knows how it feels to be in communist rule. After the war in 1946 he joineda Communist Youth League called Komsomol and two years later he won a statemedal for his good work in the league. In 1950 Gorbachev went to study to a lawschool at Moscow State University, where he graduated and got married withRaisa Gorbachev. (Biography.com)Gorbachev was now in the Communist Party and joined to have good officialposition. In 1970 he was elected to the USSR Supreme Soviet and from here to1990 he was a member of the Communist Party Central Committee. After eightyears, in1978 he was the Central Committee secretary in charge of agriculture,and after a year he became a candidate to the Polit Bureau of the CommunistParty Central Committee. Andropov put Gorbachev in second power, so Gorbachevhad more and more active roles within the Politburo. Cherneko had put Andropovas a soviet leader, but since he died, the only heir was Gorbachevs, so in 1985Gorbachev was elected as the General Secretary of the Communist Party CentralCommittee at the extraordinary Session of the Central Committee. In September1988 Gorbachev became boss of the presidium of the Supreme Soviet. After twoyears he became the president of the USSR, but he resigned a year later whichis 1991 December 25 (Encarta).In order to improve the USSR, Gorbachev had created reforms. The reforms hemade were Perestroika, Glasnost, Demokratizatsiya and Novoye Myshlenie (Kort).Perestroika means "restructuring", which Gorbachev introduced to the USSR, butit wasn't successful. Basically he made this because he wanted to remake theeconomy and change the life of the USSR. It wasn't succeeded, but because ofit, business was done more freely. Also Gorbachev couldn't remake the economybecause the old economy reduced before the new economy was going to be replaced.The other reform he made was glasnost. Glasnost, which also means openness, wasa reform that he made to improve the USSR. Glasnost was a kind of policy, whichmade stuff, like books, plays, films, etc. available. He had made this reformbecause by making this there could be foreign stuff in the...

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