The Teachings of Matthew
The Gospel according to Matthew is the first book in the New Testament, and also serves as a bridge between the Old Testament and the New Testament. The gospel tells us of Jesus and his teachings. It is believed that the Gospel originated with Matthew, one of Jesus' disciples, and it circulated anonymously (Harris 149). The message in this gospel was compiled to minister to a Jewish and Jewish-Christian community when tensions between early Christians and postwar Jewish leaders aggravated bitter controversy. The Gospel of Matthew was written as an encouragement to the Greek-speaking Jewish Christians and Gentiles who were, at least partly, Torah observant during the 80s C.E. probably at Antioch in Syria (Harris 148). The teachings of Matthew gave special attention to presenting Jesus as the Messiah, the Christ, in whom the writers of the Old Testament prophesied would come true (Matthew 1:21-22).
From the onset, Matthew established Jesus' messianic credentials by listing a record of his genealogy in Matthew 1:1-17. Matthew wanted to present Jesus' life in the context of Biblical Law and prophecy (Harris 149). Throughout the entire Gospel, Matthew highlights Jesus' execution of ancient predictions, frequently emphasizing the connection between Jesus and the assurances made to Israel, for instance, the royal dynasty of David. Matthew quoted from, paraphrased, or alluded to the Hebrew Bible to demonstrate that Jesus' entire career, from conception to resurrection, was predicted centuries earlier by biblical writers from Moses to Malachi (Harris 149). Matthew used a literary formula in his teachings that made the connection between prophecy and specific events in Jesus' life. For example, Matthew used biblical passages from the Hebrew Bible to identify Jesus as the promised Messiah:
Matthew Hebrew Bible Source
And he drove the spirits out with a word and healed all who were sick, to fulfill the prophecy of Isaiah: "He took away our illnesses and lifted our diseases from us."
(Mathew 8:16-17) Yet on himself he bore our sufferings, our torments he endured,
while we counted him smitten by God, struck down by disease and misery. (Isaiah 53:4)
In all his teaching to the crowds Jesus spoke in parables; in fact he never spoke to them without a parable. This was to fulfill the prophecy of Isaiah: I will open my mouth in parables;
I will utter things kept secret since the world
(Matthew 13:34-34) Mark my teaching, O my people,
listen to the words I am to speak.
I will tell you a story with a meaning,
I will expound the riddle of things past,
things that we have heard and know,
And our fathers have repeated to us.
All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel", which means −− "God with us".
(Matthew 1:22-23) "Therefore, the lord...