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Gothic Architecture During The Middle Ages

1293 words - 5 pages

Gothic architecture a new style developing from an old style of architecture with similar characteristics and in a way different. Architects wanted to build bigger buildings with stronger walls something that could not be found elsewhere. The old buildings did not have windows they were dark places that in order to get light they needed many candles. Not even the candles could give the right amount of light the buildings needed. The middle ages architects wanted big windows on the buildings and this new style made their wish come true. Architecture during the Middle Ages became a new style with new problems to solve and a new kind of extraordinary buildings to build.
The world was changing, and Europeans’ perceptions of it as reflected in art and architecture too. A style termed Romanesque from about 1000 onward had dominated; this gave way to the Gothic in about 1150 which spread throughout the continent and originated in France and it spread during the next four centuries. The names appeared later, aspects of Romanesque style resembled Roman architecture particularly its use of round arches and vaults. In Gothic architecture there is a little in the delicate beauty to suggest the Gothic tribes that destroyed the Roman Empire. The deceptive name was used by historians as a way of identifying the entire medieval period with barbarism (Knight 111-112). A great new style of architecture called “Gothic” by modern art historians revolutionized church building. Gothic architecture in large structures such as cathedrals approached the buildings very differently (Hanawalt 91-92). Within a few years of 1100, no later than 1110 this fine masonry had reached England. Not only were the stones of lager size but they were better cut, implying the existence of improved cranes and hoists. Now the mortar joints were very fine, a chronicler commented upon Bishop Roger’s building at old Sarum, beginning 1102, the stones were very accurately set that the joints were not seen, the whole work might be thought to be cut out of a single rock. This remarkable improvement in methods indicates the fresh importation of skills from the East and this applies not merely to England but to all Western Europe at that time (“The Flowering” 88). Into three main phases the development of architecture through the period may be divided. The elements of Gothic style and their gradual elaboration over a period of rather more than a century came first at the opening of the 12th century. After the year 1000 there was a fully coordinated Gothic art particularly marked by the invention of windows with baltracy, Jean d’ Orbais probably used it first at Rheims cathedral during the generation following 1211, why the east end was begun. A century followed with classic poise in which an international architecture reached its peak and produce perfect forms of castle and palace, cathedrals enriched with painting patterned tiles, figure sculpture and stained glass (“The Flowering” 92).
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