This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

"Gothic Architecture In France" This Paper Talks About The Abbey Of St. Denis, The Chartres Cathedral, Amiens Cathedral, Abbot Suger, Robert Luzarches, With Quotes From Scholar H.W. Janson, Etc.

1321 words - 5 pages

Gothic Architecture in FranceThe Romanesque and Gothic styles herald one of the most important periods in art history, the Renaissance. The contributions from the Gothic architectural period are few, yet remarkable. Even though the Gothic era roughly lasted two hundred years (12th-14th century), it was long enough to voyage deeper into the beautiful and complex world of architecture. These contributions revolutionized the building habits throughout the European world, including England. This essay will discuss these essential elements of Gothic style in French cathedrals.The categorization "gothic," that has been associated to this period of great architectural advancement, was first given in the 18th century. However, the "gothic" label was given as an insulting name to show the unrefined, savage, and crude look of the architectural style. Now, these very same architectural styles have become a symbol of wealth and prosperity for many European cities.The first Gothic architectural project will begin with the rebuilding of the Royal Abbey Church of St. Denis by Abbott Suger. This cathedral is located North of Paris. The apse of the original church of Abbot Suger's caught fire in 1140, so reconstruction was necessary. This church was a shrine of the Apostle of France, as well as a memorial to the Carolingian Dynasty. Some of the Kings of France were buried there. The rebuilding of the Abbey was underway with something new in mind.Most churches had wooden rafters, which will be replaced with stone vaults, but Abbott Suger had the stone vaults replaced with pointed arches and complex ribbed vaults. In addition, buttresses were newly created for the structural soundness of these cathedrals. As time moves on, flying buttresses will be an integral part for cathedral construction in the High Gothic period.The architectural structure of the Abbey of St. Denis differs from previous churches in many ways. Since Abbott Suger was also enlarging the church, the chapels merged to form what seems to be a second ambulatory. Ribbed groin vaults and pointed arches were in use throughout. The pointed arches, no matter the width of the base, couldbe stretched to any height, and became a fundamental element to the ribbed groin vault. The scholar H. W. Janson describes the Abbey of St. Denis this way, "...the entire plan is held together by a new kind of geometric order: it consists of seven identical wedge-shaped units fanning out from the center of the apse. This double ambulatory is a continuous space, whose space is outlined by a network of slender arches, ribs, and columns that sustains the vaults."With this now in place, the area is seemingly weightless and open compared to the solid rigidity of the Romanesque churches. This complex plan has given way to large stained glass windows that can now expose the inner chambers to a luminosity that was not available before these advances in architecture. Other scholars have gone so far as to say that the walls have...

Find Another Essay On "Gothic Architecture in France" This paper talks about the Abbey of St. Denis, the Chartres Cathedral, Amiens Cathedral, Abbot Suger, Robert Luzarches, with quotes from Scholar H.W. Janson, etc.

St Paul the Apostle’s Cathedral Essay

843 words - 4 pages One of the most famous cathedrals in the world is Saint Paul’s Cathedral in London, England. It is considered a Church of England. In medieval times, this was a place for the seat for the Bishop of England. It started to be built by Normans, in 1087 after the fire. It took about 150 years to build it finishing in 1240. The great cathedral took so long to be built because cathedrals are really big and hard to construct, as well as this one was

The Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis

967 words - 4 pages The Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis is one of the oldest churches in St. Louis. It is going to be a 100 years old with in a few months. There are many things that makes this church unique, First the two different designs that have been used in the exterior and the interior. The arches has an amazing art on them that makes them a pice of art for it self, However there are three domes they are colorful and has unique art pieces. This Church

Comparision of Gothic Cathedral Architecture of England and Europe

1251 words - 5 pages Gothic architecture refers to the styles of buildings from late 1100 to 1500. This period of architecture produced many tall and inspirational structures such as those in the cathedrals that rose up throughout Europe during that time. The structural improvements and innovative methods for increasing strength and beauty in cathedrals during the Gothic period enabled them to be built taller lighter and more airy giving them an air of the

The Medieval Synthesis in the Arts ca.(1000-1300) Chartres Cathedral

1661 words - 7 pages is locates in the town of Chartres, Northwester France. It is one of three Gothic French architecture and the others are Amiens Cathedral and Reims Cathedral. The cathedral has two pointed arches, buttresses, vaults, and beautiful stained glass windows. The large pointed arches soaring towards the heaven. This church symbolize it Age of Faith. The south rose centers the image of Christ and about the Evangelists, Apocalypse, and prophets and the

Special Topics in Western Art #2: The Gothic Cathedral

671 words - 3 pages 1. Where and when did the word “Gothic” come from? Who coined it and why? In the 1500’s an Italian named Giorgio Vasari coined the term as an insult to the French for their new way of building churches. The Germanic tribes in France had developed some new ideas on building churches so the Italians teased them for not using the traditional Greek architecture, which was ironic because part of the Goths “new” ideas was a return to realism

Appreciating a Gothic Cathedral: Milan Cathedral

2007 words - 8 pages though numerous Romanesque churches were still under construction all over Europe, Gothic architecture began to develop in France (Wilson 24). New forms were not necessary introduced by the first Gothic architects, yet changes in style and building technique did start to change (Wilson 24). One of the prominent influences of that change was Abbot Suger, who renovated the abbey of Saint Denis in France (Bersson 383). The symbolic architecture seemed

The Blitz and St Paul's Cathedral

4099 words - 16 pages created by the war. Commemoration at St. Paul's in the post-WWII years focused on honoring those who volunteered to save St. Paul's as well as those killed in battle. By the great west door, a stone with the inscription "Remember men and women of St. Paul's Watch who by the grace of God preserved this Cathedral from destruction 1939-1945" was set in the floor. To commemorate the members of the US armed forces who died while based in London

St. Paul's Cathedral in London, England

1137 words - 5 pages . This quote from Simon Thurley, Chief Executive of English Heritage really shows the significance the Church has made in England. “St Paul's Cathedral is the internationally recognized signature of London and the capital's most important historic and architectural focal point. Only St Paul's and the Palace of Westminster are protected by strategic views but the proposed tower disregards this legal protection and the significance of the Cathedral as

Raymond Carver’s Cathedral and Denis Johnson’s Jesus’ Son

2109 words - 8 pages overnight. However, the narrator is resistant to his wife’s idea. Firstly, he is ignorant about blind people, and thus feels awkward around Robert: ___ (). The narrator is also jealous that his wife preserved so much affection for a man she has not seen in ten years and had a longstanding relationship of mailed tape recordings with him. The narrator is a typical Carvarian character, emotionally isolated from others: he has no friends, hates his work, and

Title of this essay is "Wrong Assumptions". The assignment was to write about a key theme of the story "Cathedral" by Raymond Carver

601 words - 2 pages trying to be the blind man's eyes. He no longer views him as a rival or a threat. Perhaps he finally sees that in sight, at least, he has the upper hand, but even with that upper hand, he can not adequately portray the power and the beauty of the cathedral to his visitor. This finally puts them on equal ground. " I'm just no good at it," he says (325).

A Critical Comparison of Gothic Architecture in Italy, France and Germany

1400 words - 6 pages the birthplace of the gothic style, at St. Denis Abbey, just north of Paris. (Figure 1.2) Abbot Suger, head of St. Denis Abbey, believed that St. Denis should be the spiritual center of France. He also felt that St. Denis should be the pilgrimage church to outshine all others as well as provide a focal point for all religious and patriotic emotion for the French people. 3 He had grand visions for his church, which were carried out by an

Similar Essays

Gothic Architecture Amiens Cathedral Essay

1214 words - 5 pages architecture. The cathedral is located about 75 miles north of Paris in the administrative capital of the Picardy region, Amiens. The cathedral is one of the largest cathedrals from the 13th century. The architects were trying to maximize the height. The reason for maximum height was to get as close to the heavens and bring in as much light as possible. There were multiple architects during the construction; the starting architect was Robert de Luzarches

San Diego Mormon Temple And The Chartres Cathedral In France

1244 words - 5 pages San Diego Mormon Temple and the Chartres Cathedral in France The San Diego Mormon Temple bases its architecture on gothic roots; where the epitome of early gothic architecture is the Chartres Cathedral in France. The Mormon Temple is made of white aggregate stone and stucco, very angular and massive, built as a Gothic revival temple. Designed by William Lewis, Jr., the architect took into consideration

Comparison Of The Partheon And The Cathedral Of Chartres

793 words - 4 pages design. The Pantheon consists of two different parts the first is a porch surrounded by classic Greek architecture columns made of marble. The second part of the building is a circular Roman style made entirely of brick and concrete with dome as a roof. The only sources of lighting in the Pantheon are the two large bronze doors and the oculus at the top of the dome. Where the Cathedral of Chartres resembles French gothic style architecture made

Report On The Art And Architecture Of The Cathedral Of St. Stephen In Australia

2011 words - 8 pages 1.0 Introduction The purpose of this report is to outline the art and architecture of the Cathedral of St. Stephen and compare it to other churches around the world. It is also designed to analyse the aspects of St. Stephen’s architecture and its attempts to capture some of the unique experiences of people in Australia. Also analysed was how a Catholic community can impact the identity of its parishioner as well as the importance of