This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Governance Challenges And Models For The Cities Of Tomorrow

2088 words - 9 pages

The PLUREL project, FP6 programme (2007-11) tackled three main issues; the first one regarding the difficulties in controlling changes in land use in many EU countries. The PLUREL project therefore analysed the levels of organisation, democratic control and fragmentation of governance structures across archetypal rural/urban regions. The second issue regarded problems in spatial planning and urban sprawl, brought about by the NIMBYism mentality, and finally the issue of financial and taxation mechanisms which are also drivers of urban sprawl. The results showed that there is a need for strong democratic governments to manage market forces and aim at avoiding fiscal incentives which might ...view middle of the document...

According to statistics, Brussels is one of the richest cities which does not correspond to the income distribution. Administrative regions need to manage their resources and incentivise the development of regional innovation strategies. (Tosics, 2011)
The last project, termed EUROCITIES Metropolitan Areas Working Group, was founded in the hope that FUAs in the future, will grow to prove more important than administrative regions. This project incorporated results from the aforementioned METROGOV and URBACT projects, elucidating how zero-sum game functions such as waste handling and sewage plants, should be dealt with by fixed boundary organisations at FUA level. In contrast to this, the results also yielded that functions of a win-win nature such as marketing and joint economic planning, are possibly dealt with by flexible solutions on the broader economic cooperation level.
Innovative practices to improve territorial governance in urban areas
This section of the research paper, as explained by Tosics, delivers an overview of innovative practices which aim to improve territorial governance in urban areas. The term 'Innovative' in this case, stands for the fact that the four models which will be mentioned, are based on pure scientific results which came out from the aforementioned European Projects on governance. Therefore, the roots of these models may have been based on earlier governance projects undertaken in various cities, but nevertheless, the later models were studied and logically analysed.
Back in 1989, David Harvey wrote " In recent years, urban governance has become increasingly preoccupied with the exploration of new ways in which to foster and encourage local development and employment growth. Such an entrepreneurial stance contrasts with the managerial practices of earlier decades which primarily focussed on the local provision of services, facilities and benefits to urban populations." which furthermore illustrates the eve changing dimensions of urban governance.
Formal, designated metropolitan governance model
Formal models of governance have long existed, however in this paper, the governance model will be explained through results obtained from the METREX (the European network of metropolitan regions and areas). This model aims for structured and predefined, city/region boundaries. Metropolitan areas need competences and process in order to achieve effective integration in social, economic, environmental and spatial planning. METREX classified three city/region models: Comprehensive model (elected authorities for planning and implementation) ; Core Power Model (elected authorities for planning of a specific range of issues) ; Agency/Voluntary model (appointed metropolitan agencies with strategic planning responsibilities). The METREX Practice Benchmark was set up to enable regions to judge their strengths and weaknesses in relation to metropolitan governance. The broader the region around the city core, the less...


The People of Tomorrow Essay

1063 words - 5 pages The People of Tomorrow Technology is progressing very rapidly, and is hurting today’s society. People are abusing the uses of technology. The Internet, which first begun in the mid-1970s, has made huge impact on our generation today. It has its benefits such as brain cell research and the cure for Cancer. People are abusing its uses. Online shopping, playing games, and social media are just some of the ways people abuse technology. Although

The Office of Tomorrow Essay

3694 words - 15 pages minds to new ideas and concepts.However, dismantling the traditional office structure can present other HR challenges. One of the most serious can be dealing with issues of identity and status. Workers who've toiled for years to earn a corner office suddenly can find themselves thrown into a universal work pod. Likewise, photographs and other personal items often must disappear as workspace is shared. But solutions do exist. For instance, when IBM

“All for the Sake of a Better Tomorrow”

2318 words - 9 pages Attaining national progress both economically and socially does not simply occur overnight. This initiative takes quite a number of hands (and feet) to steer the nation to a path of growth not only for the people of today but also for the children of tomorrow. One may think that the person solely responsible for directing the reins of our nation towards its path rests on the shoulder of the President, but I have come to realize that nobody

The Internet of Tomorrow

1660 words - 7 pages Internet should operate. Since then, the web has become more user-friendly, allowing even computer-illiterate people to have their own identity online. People have begun integrating services such as MySpace, Facebook, and email into their daily lives, even holding conversations about them with friends. Cell phones are the must-have accessory for everyone, especially teenagers. The Internet has essentially become an important part of our lives, and it's

The Rules and Principles of Corporate Governance

1048 words - 5 pages Corporate governance often refers to a set of rules and principles by which a company is directed. It provides a guideline for directing a company in order to fulfil its objective, brings added value to the enterprise, and is beneficial to the shareholders in long-term. (1) The rules and principals of corporate governance to an extent might be different in various companies, but some of these rules are similar in all the firms; such as

Challenges and Opportunities for the Maritime Economy

1161 words - 5 pages ) One final thought. At the heart of the model are people shipping investors and cargo shippers. Their task is to negotiate the rate for each ship and inevitably the rates they agree vary depending on how the negotiating parties feel. A ship might be fixed for $ 20,000 per day on Monday, but the sister ship might be fixed for $ 30,000 per day on Tuesday because charterers got panicky overnight, perhaps due to some rumor they heard. Mathematical models cannot hope to simulate this sort of freight auction, so in the short term at least this scientific study is as important as fundamentals. This, in summary, is the market model which controls shipping investment.

The Importance of Women Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow

1462 words - 6 pages accept the fact that women are as capable of accomplishing tasks as men are. It was not until Elizabeth Cady Stanton, along with many other women, started the women’s suffrage movement. It lasted seventy years and they did not quite succeed but they never gave up. For these women, it was like biting into a piece of cake for the first, they got a taste of what being heard feels like and they wanted more. In the United States today, women have

Cars of today and tomorrow

1738 words - 7 pages images of the road, identify alternative route and prevent traffic even before human eye can detect it. Wouldn’t it be fun to have a car that drives by itself on the way home from a tired day at the office? Since 95% of road accident happen due to human error, this self-driving car can prevent major accidents on the road. This google cars can also reduce the amount of time used waiting for traffic clearance. This saves you a lot of time, beside the

Cars of today and tomorrow

1483 words - 6 pages Electric Vehicles (HEVs) which has both the internal combustion engine and electric motors that generates power. One of the main problem with these hybrid cars is that their batteries are extremely heavy and takes up a large amount of space in the car. The concept of Hybrid cars can be a good thing to the environment, but definitely not for the car manufacturer or the customer. Hybrid cars have a convincing amount of weight due to their batteries

The internet today and tomorrow

1380 words - 6 pages what you could name your computer”. Today there is a standard protocol in naming addresses in order to avoid duplication of web addresses. To think that not that long ago there were very few people using this technology and today on a daily basis, there a billion users. It has been the world wide web that has connected the home computer user to the internet. I recall seeing an advertisement on television that said for more information visit our

Explaining the effectiveness of current treatments for mental health conditions using existing models and hypotheses

1359 words - 6 pages All treatments for mental health conditions are based on hypotheses that seek to explain their aetiology. These tend to be reductionist models approaching the problem from one dimension of the biopsychosocial paradigm. Unsurprisingly this approach is far from effective. Four models and therapies will be described and evidence that offers support or otherwise will be discussed. It will then be concluded that to improve therapy success rates a

Similar Essays

The Treatments Of Tomorrow For Osteoarthritis

1972 words - 8 pages debilitating cartilage degradation, as the cases seen in total knee replacement (Teitel, Black, Slon, and Wang). Out of the treatments mentioned, they only offset or maintain the symptoms associated with osteoarthritis but there is no cure for its underlying cause. The focus is on the cells responsible in maintaining the cartilage which are the chondrocytes and due to changes caused by osteoarthritis, these cell die via apoptosis (Intekhab-Alam, White, and

Science And Students: The World Of Tomorrow

897 words - 4 pages Everyone says this generation is the future, the people and the citizens of tomorrow’s society. Except if this generation is not educated to grow and progress with the planet and learn how to help it, there will be no “next generation”; the earth simply will not be able to sustain our life forms. This is why science education is important to the future of our lives and our planet. Where if not for the innovation of science and its cures, we

The Cars Of Today And Tomorrow

1656 words - 7 pages efficiency. As for the driver, higher efficiency means better power for the wheels and larger mileage. Most of the car manufacturers are trying to implement this for higher fuel saving and enhancing the performance of the engines. Besides that, turbocharger also increase the efficiency of the engines, as it compresses air from the car exhaust system that is used for combustion. Other than that, currently, cylinder deactivation system is used to control

The Generations Of Tomorrow Essay

811 words - 4 pages beliefs combated with his passion for music combated the humanists secular movement that others were perpetuating. Today society has grown greatly from these composers not just because of their works but also because of their values. The lessons and struggles that different composers encountered while they sought fame and recognition are a valuable lesson to the citizens of today because throughout those lesson we can lean how to contribute even greater work to society for the generations of tomorrow.