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Government And Economics In China Essay

1271 words - 5 pages

Introduction
China is one of the most populous countries of the world with over 1.3 billion people and covering a geographical area of about 9.6 million square kilometres. It lies on the eastern end of the large Asia continent and enjoys a remarkably long coastline. It has a large economy, given the large population and a wide array of natural resources especially mineral resources which are the backbone of its economy. With a well cultivated constitution that was put in place by the largest political party, the Communist Party of China (CPC), China has reforms underway aimed at closing the otherwise wide gap between the rich and the poor. The country suffers employment deficit, despite having one of the world’s largest economy. The people of China are largely farmers or work in the many industrial plants that are numerous. Having developed peacefully and after calming prior conflicts with different foreign countries earlier, currently China maintains peace with many countries of the world.
Legal, Economic and Political Background of China
The Chinese political system has taken a dual leadership system under which each local office is under coequal authority of the local leaders who have the overall local oversight of the relevant ministry. In the higher ranks, the larger Communist Party of China (CPC) almost entirely governs the country and apparently, the country has no relevant political opposition parties. The party has for long endorsed a system that considers people’s personal grievances although these grievances must not at all lean on any group organization. The current political directive aims at coming up with such policies that will guide any political ambitions towards lessening the rapidly increasing gap between the poor and the rich mainly by ensuring an even distribution of the available resources among the country’s immense population.
The legal system of Chinese government has lately disapproved abuse of official authority. With the adoption of a new constitution in 1982 under which any state official must be of high integrity and accountability, foreign investors feel safe and assured that their efforts are standing on firm foundation.
The government of China has for ages had respect for human rights and has made several campaigns as a step towards bringing its human rights into conformity with international norms (Barboza 2010. Davis 2007). However, in practice, these rights are somehow limited to personal level module as the government does not readily allow assemblies and restricts the freedom of expression and the press. Religion freedom is also under restriction although the underway restriction efforts have not been as successful.
The major economic activity is agriculture and the largest portion of the immense population of China engages in agriculture related activities. This is of enormous significance because a country with such a large population definitely requires a stable source of food. However, only 10%...

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