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Political Philosophy: The Übermensch’s Influence Essay

1467 words - 6 pages

The epoch of the 20th century in the world’s history is recognized as a time of crucial changes in science development, military force adjustment, well organized and disciplined army, and the supremacy of several nations. It is the time of complexity revolution in thought and ideas, an anxiety of modern thoughts. Human ideas and thoughts began to diverge from what people once believed and practiced; uncertain opinions for mankind sometimes known as the madness of the human mind. Thinkers and critic philosophers of that time like Friedrich Nietzsche have expressed their doubts and skepticism beliefs toward prosperity and welfare ideas for a better life and leadership expertise. Nietzsche, a German critic, and a well-known philosopher contested the loyalty and common reliance of human mind rationality. Nietzsche was concerned with the genesis and values of human existence, which made him very influential, to his successors, mostly to Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. One of the Nietzsche’s grounds which excluded Christianity was “master and slave morality,” claiming a lack of organized leadership, the loss of human values and individual greediness. Nietzsche describes “master” as Übermensch a “superman,” but some others critics of philosophy portray “master” as the state of “over man.” Certainly, Nietzsche stressed that “over man” is the inventor of principles and beliefs that denotes power and the individuality of a person, who is considered authoritative and willing to change. Further, “overman” or “superman” is described as an ideal individual who is confident, creative, prideful and irrespective.
The idea of “superman” or “over man,” known in philosophic terminology impressed the young Austrian guy, Adolf Hitler, who soon became the leader of the great united Germany. Hitler’s ambitions were so large, whereas his political activity propaganda leads him to imprisonment for a period of time. When in prison, Hitler presented ideas and thoughts of taking Germany, in his well-known book named “Mein Kampf,” or “My struggle,” indeed struggle of civilization. During his stay in prison Hitler encountered for the first time, contradictory ideas and absurd thoughts of Friedrich Nietzsche’s book called “Thus Spoke Zarathustra,” which gave an overview of his critical as well as political thoughts, and played a major role in his political pathway. Hitler believed in a strict leadership and will to power, which became an expressive force for building an ideal vision of a state; however, Nietzsche was the one who offered the foundations of Nazis principles, the superior race and the will to power. The vision of Hitler was to become the Übermensch, and a forerunner of “Master race.” But, Nietzsche assumed that Übermensch had never prevailed. It is believed, that the emperor of millennium Rome Julius Caesar, the emperor of France Napoleon Bonaparte and the Christian monsieur Jesus were close to reach this state of Übermensch’s. Nietzsche acknowledged that...

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