Political Violence in South Africa Essay

1111 words - 4 pages ✓ Expert Reviewed
VIEW DOCUMENT
Preview

Repression by the South African government during the apartheid era, has hurt the ability for civil society groups to form. Instead of channeling grievances through civil society organizations that act as a “safety valve” for discontent in a more peaceful way, most South Africans who want to get their voices heard end up using violence as a tool in order to bring political gain.1 The use of violence as a component of South Africa's political culture was originated during the 1980s anti-apartheid struggle, where the ANC and other underground anti-apartheid groups would use violent and militaristic actions, language, and ideas to get their voices heard as part of social mobilization. Even after the end of apartheid and the establishment of the democratic regime, the elements of formal democracy such as competitive electoral politics, lobbying of interests, and open public debate have not replaced the violent and militaristic actions, rhetoric, and ideas that were the political norm of the 1980s.2 Civil society organizations still remain weak and shallow even under the current post-apartheid democratic regime, due to heavy co-optation of many civil society groups into the ANC.3 The weakness of civil society in South Africa and the reluctance of many South Africans to organize such groups under an environment of heavy political dominance of the ANC makes it possible for violent action to happen in many South African protests.4
How is it used?
Political violence in South Africa is employed in many different ways. In some cases, many violent protests do not require the use of armed weapons like machetes. In one article by Independent Online on September 15, 2005, that is cited in the Reddy article, a protest by high school students near Johannesburg brought a violent ending when students outraged by the court's leniency on the conviction of a parent that murdered his teenage daughter went on a violent rampage and looting on street market vendors, overturned their stalls, and looted some of their goods, with the police eventually chased them back to their original town.5 In other cases, outraged citizens do carry arms and weapons to express and vent their frustration, as with a general strike by South Africa's taxi industry against the proposed government project of the Bus Rapid Transit system, where taxi drivers brandished weapons during the protests. They shot a bus driver on his hand and intimidated onlookers as well as the police. The police responded by firing rubber bullets to end the violent protests.6 Such expressions of political violence often end up with not only bloodshed but also mob lynching as well. In another case cited by the Reddy article, a poor shack community lynched two people and attacked the police in a protest over the police handling of gangs in the community, where a member of the community was murdered for not giving cigarettes demands to the gang members.7 In all, the use of political violence as a means of dissent...

Find Another Essay On Political Violence in South Africa

Apartheid In South Africa Essay

1600 words - 6 pages won, they gained more seats and slowly began to eliminate the black’s involvement with the political system. With the National Party in power, they made black South African life miserable which continues to exist in South Africa’s society today. To decrease the political power of black South Africans even more, they were divided along tribal lines. During apartheid in South Africa, The National Party, along with the help of the white social...

Apartheid In South Africa Essay

1347 words - 5 pages Nelson Mandela helped bring an end to Apartheid in South Africa because he was a believer in basic human rights, leading both peaceful and violent protests against the white South African Government. His beliefs landed him in prison for twenty-seven years, almost three decades. In doing so, he became the face of the apartheid movement both in his country and around the world. When released from prison in 1990, he continued to honor his...

Investment In South Africa

1223 words - 5 pages Caltex plant was established in South Africa in 1977 after the owners decided to expand its operations in South Africa. The construction of the plant brought controversy over the interested parties, there were two dimensions of the utilitarian benefits of the Caltex plant, and there were violations of the justice and of moral rights whereas on the other side there were possible benefits to the South Africans. The plant setup was helpful in that...

Ecotourism In South Africa

1515 words - 6 pages species. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s website, eleven of the 229 mammal species in South Africa remain endangered, fifteen vulnerable, and thirteen near threatened. Mining, which contributes to 18% of the GDP, is detrimental to air quality, causes deforestation, and releases toxic amounts of minerals and heavy metals into the soil and water (“Effects of Mining,” para. 1). Based on a case study from the...

Fear In South Africa

943 words - 4 pages struggle of South Africa and the oppression of blacks. In it, a black parson, Stephan Kumalo, goes on a journey to find his family. Everyday holds new fear, not only for Stephan, but also for everyone in South Africa. Each character in Cry, the Beloved Country has a fear of something, and that fear proves to be an influential force in all of their lives. Stephan Kumalo has a fear of the unknown, John Kumalo has a fear of oppression...

Apartheid In South Africa

856 words - 3 pages Apartheid, the Afrikaans word for “apartness” was the system used in South Africa from the years 1948 to 1994. During these years the nearly 31.5 million blacks in South Africa were treated cruelly and without respect. They were given no representation in parliament even though they made up most of the country. It was not until 1994 when a black man named Nelson Mandela came to power in the South Africa congress. Once elected Mandela removed...

Morality In South Africa

643 words - 3 pages despicable forms of crime, such as sexual abuse of children and gang shootouts, makes me wonder: is morality in South Africa standing on brink of extinction? If I am to measure morality according to some common concerns at school, like discrimination, be it on the basis of race, ethnicity, health, religion or economic status, sexual harassment, abuse, violence, crime and substance abuse, I’ve no reason to doubt it. Still I believe that education is...

Marketing In South Africa

3316 words - 13 pages . Cresthill Manor in-patient and out-patient treatment demand. They need to consider market dynamics such as seasonality, shifting alliances between physician/GP groups and other "political" issues. The issues relevant to them are the medical aid changes e.g. Discovery is merging quite aggressively with other medical aids. The idea is to become a preferred provider of care for the medical aids. Costs and affordability for patients weighed up...

Apartheid In South Africa.

818 words - 3 pages 18, 1936 in Johannesburg, South Africa. He studied in Potchefstroom University and got a law degree there. De Klerk was elected as the head of the National Party in 1982 in Transvaal and in February 1989 he was chosen as the party's leader. After a little over half an year, Willem de Klerk became president. In 1990 when he had the presidential power, he stopped the racist system and brought apartheid to an end. De Klerk set a multiracial general...

Apartheid In South Africa - 2284 words

2284 words - 9 pages -European groups in the Republic of South Africa” (“Apartheid”). According to Robin Cohen, South African apartheid was based on four basic premises: “white monopoly of political power, the manipulation of space to achieve racial segregation, the control of black labor, and urban social control” (qtd. in Massie 385). Apartheid was widely supported by powerful nations, including the United States. However, the validity of the arguments and...

Apartheid In South Africa - 2552 words

2552 words - 10 pages contributing to this majority was that in 1930, the government gave the right to vote to white women thus doubling their political power. In efforts to guarantee their social and economic control over South Africa, the National Party contrived a “Grand Apartheid” plan. The focus of this was to systematically institutionalize racial segregation, and reinforce it with police brutality. Among the first laws passed include The Prohibition of Mixed...

Other Political Violence in South Africa Essays

Violence Against Feamales In South Africa

1752 words - 7 pages violence against women in South Africa. Some things INSTRAW can do are create education and training programs for the people and for the government of South Africa. South Africa can help INSTRAW by allowing the programs to be heard by the people of the government. Issue: Violence against Women in South Africa Violence against women in Africa comes in several forms the most common are: rape, “honor Killings” and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM...

South Africa Social Conflicts and Interests Result in Political Party Systems

971 words - 4 pages in use that has more to offer a modern day society. The dominant party system is a system where one political party or association has effectively won election triumphs and whose future annihilation cannot be visualised or is improbable for years to come. A party is dominant when it is identified with a particular period in history (Duverger, 1951). Political parties such as the African National Congress (ANC) in South Africa which has ruled...

Comparative Review Of Economic And Political Cleavages In South Africa And Zimbabwe

2346 words - 9 pages Comparative Analysis of Economic and Political Cleavages in South Africa and Zimbabwe Introduction Comparative politics is concerned with examining the characteristics or qualities of two different political entities to discover resemblances or differences. These entities can be general in nature, for example, the comparison of two countries, or more specific in nature, comparing two different systems of government. But, whether general...

Apartheid In South Africa Essay - 1807 words

1807 words - 7 pages -- 20 April 1964. Rivonia trial Historical Background South Africa is a land of abundant natural resources, mild climate, and fertile lands. Their resources range from diamond and gold to platinum and their land is fertile enough to feed the rest of the world if cultivated intensively. Yet many believed Africa to be the Dark Continent, a continent of poverty, harsh climate, and political turmoil (Woods 10). Though apartheid officially began in...