Goya Essay

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The Liberal Spanish Court Painter, Francisco De Goya can be considered one of the most influential figures in Spanish art of the mid 18th, and early 19th Century. Goya had a lot of success early on, He became the Court painter to the Spanish Aristocracy, and after displaying his mastery became painter to the king in 1786. Francisco De Goya became one of the keen observers of the tragedies of war, in 1792 he fell victim to a mysterious illness, which almost killed him, and left him completely deaf. A mixture of the violence occurring in Spain at this time, and the loss of his hearing disillusioned this once optimistic court painter, and lead him to create arguably his most famous paintings. These paintings, Known as Goya’s Black paintings were unlike any other art in Spain at this time. They showed the realities of war from an unfiltered perspective, and were effectively able to transmit Goya’s disgust and disillusionment with Napoleon’s invasion, and general bloodshed in Spain at this time. In this essay I will describe aspects of Goya’s personal life, the significance of his work, and Goya’s reaction to different problems occurring in Spain at this time.
Although most commonly referred to as Goya, Francisco Goya’s full name was Fransisco Jose de Goya y lucientes. Goya was born in the Spanish kingdom of Aragon, and was a product of the mid 18th C to early 19th C. Goya had a happy childhood, and was from an upper middle class household. Goya and his parents both moved from Fuentetodos to Saragossa both Cities in Aragon. Showing signifigant artistic skill at a very young age, he took up an apprenticeship under painter Jose Luzan Martinez. An important aspect about Goya’s Upbringing is that he spent the years of his crucial artistic development under the englightened Bourbon king Charles III. This was a fairly peaceful era in Spanish history, since Charles III supported economic, industrial, and agricultural reform. The progressiveness in Spain around this time made it a relatively peaceful, and happy era. This could also be seen as the Happy, and stable era of Goya’s life, where his paintings exemplified positive emotions, and images of hope. Goya even married during this time period, after his two friends the brothers Fransisco and Ramon Bayeu y Subias with whom employed him in their print shop introduced him to their sister Josefa.
The next stage of Goya ‘s life took place as a court painter for the Spanish monarchy. This career lasted the span of four different ruling monarchies. Goya’s employment at first consisted of making tapestry cartoons for the Royal tapestry factory. During this period of his life Goya was largely employed by the aristocracy, drawing flattering images of important officials and their families. His skills caught the eye of the highest authorities in Spain at the time. He was appointed as a painter under Charles III, and was given the title of court painter by Charles IV in...

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