Grace O’Malley the Pirate Queen was her name. This iconic historical figure was not famous for her job as Queen, Duchess, or for even being Nun. Grace was a pirate, a women pirate for the matter. She was proud of her profession and took it seriously with no concern for gender. She lived during the Tudor period. During this time women were supposed to stay home, Grace, had no content on doing that.
During the 16th century individual chieftains ruled separate states in Ireland. These chieftains ruled independently and to rely on themselves to survive and create an army so other states would not attack them. The O’Malley’s lived in a remote part of Ireland on the western coast, so they didn’t pay much attention to the politics of their country. Their laws were based off the early Irish law known as the Brehon Laws. Brehon Law is a code made up of very simple laws. Some of the laws include, everyone had a social status, there was equality between men and women (which was hardly true), and if you murdered someone you would only have to pay fines. They believed capital punishment was not necessary and death was only used as a last resort.
Starting in 1542 Henry VII,I the English King, announced that he was also the King of Ireland. This meant that all the English laws would now affect the Irish and how they lived. Of course, chieftains still existed, although they had to use English law in order to keep their land. England didn’t ruled all cities in Ireland, just Dublin.
From 1542 to 1547 Henry VIII ruled Ireland and England. The next king was Edward VI who ruled from 1547 to 1553. One of the most famous rulers in all of English history was Elizabeth the First who ruled from 1558 to 1603. She was known as the Irish’s enemy since she was Protestant like her father, Henry.
Crimes were punished very harshly in Tudor times, they believed if they punished the criminal as harshly as possible, they wouldn’t think of doing anything wrong again. Some of the most severe punishments include; execution, beheading, hanging, whipping, or even being boiled alive. If you stole from a store you might of gotten your hands cut off. Also, for smaller crimes, people could be imprisoned, or be granted a lower social class.
Most of the English and the Irish before Henry VIII ruled, were Catholic. In the 1530s, Henry wanted to divorce his current wife, Catherine of Aragon, because she was not producing a male child. So he broke with the Roman Catholic Church and established the Protestant Church. This meant that people in Ireland who were still Catholic were at a disadvantage. When the people of Ireland tried to rebel against the new church, Henry’s troops fought back harder, defeated them quickly, took away their land, and destroyed monasteries on the way. Catholics still kept Catholicism alive though. They practiced, and held secret services, in hopes that Catholicism would come back, and overthrow the Protestant Church.
During the Tudor period there were two...