Amsterdam was the centre of Jewish life for many years. In the late 1500’s the Marranos and Sephardim (Spanish and Portogese) arrived in Amsterdam, and served as important merchants to the Dutch community. The Jewish community was an orthodox religious community, that was unwilling to accept new ideologies and change. The Jewish community thrived, as they were given many rights that was not given to the Jews in other European countries. This freedom came with rules created by the government that the Jews had to follow and obey. These included, the inability to discuss or preach religion with non-Jews as well as the inability to have romantic relationships a non-Jew.
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Spinoza was charged with heresy and was to be excommunicated, not contacted by anyone even by writing, and be kicked out of the community. The Ma’amed acted on the harshest punishment because in his and the Jewish communities eyes, Spinoza’s views were dangerous to not only the Jewish community, but also the community of Amsterdam. “ By the decree of the angels, and by the command of holy men, we excommunicate, expel, curse and damn Baruch de Espinoza”
Spinoza was criticised as being a heretic to the Jewish community in Amsterdam in the 1600’s. He was criticized for this because of his radical and new ideas dealing with G-d, Holy Scripture, destiny, afterlife, and many more controversial topics. I believe that Spinoza was born in the wrong period of time. If Spinoza had been born in present day, or a period of time after the enlightenment, he would have received a very different reaction to what he received when he preached his ideas in the 1600’s.
Due to the wide options of choice...