This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Gramsci's And Foucault's Notions Of Power

1849 words - 8 pages

Power is a concept that is at the core of issues regarding social stratification (Scott & Marshall, 2009). Therefore there have been many debates regarding what this concept of power actually means. For Gramsci, power needs to be considered legitimate by those who are subject to it, and the legitimacy of power is gained through the manipulation of social norms (Scott & Marshall, 2009). This manipulation of social norms, links to Gramsci’s notion of ideological hegemony. Gramsci uses hegemony to show how the state and civil society produce and maintain consent to the existing status quo and the system of capitalism in general (Stoddart, 2007).
Gramsci’s concept of ‘hegemony’ is rooted in his distinction between coercion and consent as alternative mechanisms of social power. Coercion refers to the states capacity to use violence and force over individuals in society who refuse to comply with the ideologies of the dominant class (Stoddart, 2007). Whereas consent involves hegemonic power, that “works to convince individuals and social classes to subscribe to the social values and norms of an inherently exploitative system” (Stoddart, 2007:201). Hegemonic power is a form of social power that relies on persuasion and legitimation that make the ideas of the ruling class acceptable to the subaltern class.
By definition, the state is the only institution that can legitimately exert force over individuals in society, that is, coercive power is exclusive to the state. However, institutions of civil society such as the church, schools, and mass media are largely responsible for producing and distributing hegemonic power (Gramsci, 1971). It should be noted that for Gramsci the state was made up of both political society and civil society, “in other words hegemony is protected by the armour of coercion” (Gramsci, 1971:263). We can thus note, that for Gramsci power/hegemony was rooted in the state, in both political society (government, courts, police and the army) and in civil society (schools, churches, and mass media) (Bates, 1975).
For Foucault power has multiple aspects, which means the state does not have a monopoly over power. Foucault re-thinks the notion of power, and links it to knowledge. That is, knowledge should be seen as the foundation of the exercise of power. For Foucault power is not merely an instrument of repression, and argues that one needs to stop thinking of power in negative terms, and rather see power as something productive, “it produces reality; it produces domains of objects and rituals of truth. The individual and the knowledge that may be gained of him belong to this production” (Foucault, 1995:194).
Foucault’s notion of power is based on the shift from sovereign power to disciplinary power. Foucault examines changes in penal regimes, that is, “from the regulation of the body to the regulation of the soul” (Scott & Marshall, 2009:263). The strategies of confinement in the prion eventually became the model for the whole of...

Find Another Essay On Gramsci's And Foucault's notions of power

The Notions of Death and Sin in “Young Goodman Brown”

1090 words - 4 pages in everyone and he views them as untrustworthy living the rest of his life full of pessimism and fear. Hawthorne uses a gothic beauty and darkness to illustrate the notions of sin and death in “Young Goodman Brown”. The power of evil is evident as the protagonist never recovers from what he experienced or returns to what he knew. Although the symbols of each character are not necessarily identified explicitly, Hawthorne’s symbolically paints

The Notions of Justice in The Republic and Antigone

2034 words - 8 pages Within two classical works of philosophical literature, notions of justice are presented plainly. Plato’s The Republic and Sophocles’ Antigone both address elements of death, tyranny and immorality, morality, and societal roles. These topics are important elements when addressing justice, whether in the societal representation or personal representation. Antigone uses the concept of death in many ways when unfolding the tragic story of

The Notions of Epiphany and Evolution in Greasy Lake

993 words - 4 pages In the fiction short story “Greasy Lake” author Bruce Springsteen writes about three young adults who think of themselves as tough characters only to have a run-in with actual bad people which put into perspective how they were merely acting like rebels and that they didn’t truly have it in them. There are many notions of epiphany and evolution in “Greasy Lake”. The protagonist which is also the narrator of the story tells the events in a

Notions of Selflessness in Sartrean Existentialism and Theravadin Buddhism

4133 words - 17 pages Notions of Selflessness in Sartrean Existentialism and Theravadin Buddhism ABSTRACT: In this essay I examine the relationship between Sartre's phenomenological description of the "self" as expressed in his early work (especially Being and Nothingness) and elements to be found in some approaches to Buddhism. The vast enormity of this task will be obvious to anyone who is aware of the numerous schools and traditions through which the religion

Discuss how notions of 'consumerism', 'pluralism' and 'modernity' are linked to the resurgence of CAM

1562 words - 6 pages of their remedies as such they were seen to have no credibility. Because doctors where seen as the expects they had the authority to command the power and the authority over other peoples health and well being, therefore people did not dispute the diagnosis or the treatment they were receiving from the orthodox medical profession, people just accepted what they were told as being right without question.Things began to change once again during the

Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs: Reinforcing Preconceived Notions

2519 words - 10 pages mind, patterned after the fedora-donning and pistol-toting protagonists of “Indiana Jones” and “Tomb Raider.” The King Tutankhamun exhibit, instead of exploring historical facts and daring to counter these myths, embellishes and substantiates them, reinforcing the Egyptian “blockbuster” perception in an attempt to satisfy the preconceived notions of the average person in hopes of drawing masses to the museum. The guiding force behind the Tut

Compare and contrast Brecht and Stanislavski notions of acting and the role of the actor in the theatre

1535 words - 6 pages through the power of imagination. Stanislavski called it 'unconscious creativeness through creative technique'. He hoped that if an actor could really believe in their purpose, to the extent where they could feel it, they would have served their purpose of absolute reality and truth. All of these techniques amount to a pre-performance preparation, which Stanislavski believes help the actor carry out his role in the theatre. This is best summed up in

Compare And Contrast Brecht And Stanislavski's Notions Of Acting And The Role Of The Actor In The Theatre

1728 words - 7 pages place on stage through the power of imagination. Stanislavski called it 'unconscious creativeness through creative technique'. He hoped that if an actor could really believe in their purpose, to the extent where they could feel it, they would have served their purpose of absolute reality and truth. All of these techniques amount to a pre-performance preparation, which Stanislavski believes help the actor carry out his role in the theatre. This is

Discussion of Roland Barthes' "Death of the Author" and Michel Foucault's response to this proclaimation in his text of the same name

2020 words - 8 pages evidenced by the cataloguing system utilised by bookshops and libraries, to provide one example. This indicates that the notion of the author has not yet been discarded. Foucault's interest in analysing the ways in which the author continues to function as a process of gaining power and authority within society provides an opportunity for insight that Barthes' polemical declaration does not. As Foucault notes, Barthes' call for a shift of locus of

Of Paradise and Power

1318 words - 5 pages Hodges 1Jackson HodgesDr. DavisPS 238Kagan EssayApril 7, 2013Of Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World OrderRobert Kagan, a leading intellectual of American foreign policy, strategically attempts to make each side see one another's view points in his book, "Of Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World Order." Europe, he asserts, has evolved into its own self-contained world. While America utilizes submission and

Corruption of Power and Leadership

847 words - 4 pages In World War II, a lot of people are slaughtered by a man who has absolute power. This man was Adolf Hitler and he murdered 6 million Jewish. A lot of people see him as a powerful dictator, because of his mass murder. People often see often as the ability the to get what someone wants at first thought. However, it has wider concept, it has a more complex structure. It could be used for a lot of purposes and has a lot of type. If some leaders or

Similar Essays

Foucault's Power And Language: Bengali Essay

1772 words - 7 pages Foucault in Power/Knowledge (1980), describes knowledge as being conjunction of power relations and information seeking which he terms as ‘power/knowledge’. He states that ‘it is not possible for power to be excercised without knowledge, it is impossible for knowledge not to engender power.’ Foucault here emphasizes that knowledge is not dispassionate, rather an integral part of struggles over power. It also draws the attention to the way that

Michael Foucault's Different Forms Of Power

1320 words - 5 pages Michael Foucault's Different Forms of Power Michael Foucault distinguishes between two different and distinct forms of power, disciplinary and sovereign. Fouccault describes disciplinary power as the new type of power in the modern civilization. The use of disciplinary power transpired in the 17th and 18th century, and it used specific procedures such as distributing individuals into space, controls of activity, observation, judging, and

Foucault's Discipline And Punish And Power And Sex

1855 words - 7 pages Foucault's "Discipline and Punish" and "Power and Sex" Every great architect is - necessarily - a great poet. He must be a great original interpreter of his time, his day, his age- Frank Lloyd Wright Darkness is meant to conceal, light is meant to expose, and there is power intrinsically imbued in both of these. Murderers hide in the dark, waiting for their victims, and the atrocities of different countries are hidden in history

Understanding The Notions Of Communication And Culture

2578 words - 10 pages positive cultural liberation. Through mass communication, a mass culture follows as the media the world consumes shares similar attributes, a result of capitalism. Fukuyama promoted the idea of linkage between capitalism and liberal-democracy as the continuous more of being, ‘the final form of human government’ (Barker, 2008:170). The liberal perspective demonstrates the individual’s freedom from dominion through power restraint, whereas the