Grant And Lee: A Study In Contrasts – Comparison/Contrast Essay

787 words - 3 pages

Both Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee were men of integrity, determination, passion and great skill. This is where their similarities end as Lee’s empowerment ideology differed from that of Grant’s aristocratic beliefs. Bruce Catton wrote about the two men in the essay, “Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts”. Catton, a Pulitzer Prize winning author and Civil War Historian, provides a brief character analysis of both men in this essay. The beliefs that Grant embraced as a frontiersman was more admirable than those aristocratic beliefs of Lee, and more men and women of today should understand and follow Grant’s principles.
Social inequality was one of the fundamental differences between the two men. Lee was an aristocrat who believed in traditional chivalry. This belief had become historically antiquated because America became the land of change. In America, the aristocratic society was slowly being replaced by an industrious and forward thinking society. (Catton 429) He also believed in the establishment and the maintenance of a clear cut social order between each class of individual. Catton wrote, “In such a land Lee stood for the feeling that it was somehow of advantage to human society to have a pronounced inequality in the social structure” (429). In contrast, Grant believed that everyone had the opportunity to succeed in society and that everyone had the same opportunities. Catton wrote, “No man was born to anything, except perhaps to a chance to show how far he could rise. Life was a competition” (430).
The societal differences between the two men gave insight into how each perceived the future of the States. Lee believed that landowners played a key role in determining the success of the country. He believed that this social class of privileged aristocrats is where leaders should be chosen. He felt that principles, beliefs and values would give the nation its strength. Much of the south would embrace his beliefs in which Catton wrote, “In the end, it almost seemed as if the Confederacy fought for Lee; as if he himself was the Confederacy . . . the best thing that the way of life for which the Confederacy stood could ever have to offer” (430). On the other hand, Grant believed that everyone who embraced the nation as a community would only succeed if they did so as a whole....

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