Great Chain Essay

1575 words - 7 pages

Originating in the minds of Aristotle and various other philosophers, the idea of scala naturae was developed. Meaning vertical ladder, the theory centers on the idea of a unilateral hierarchy of life forms. Starting in the Medieval Period, the Great Chain of Being was developed from Aristotle’s scala naturae and reached its height during the Elizabethan Era (Haaramo). The theory itself is objective and is purely a hierarchy based on the level of a life form’s development (Carlin). Despite this, the elite Elizabethans took advantage of their supremacy and adopted the theory to fit their lives. Those of a higher status, heavily influenced those below them, so in effect, the inferior ranks’ ...view middle of the document...

The father is the most dominant, followed by the first born son. Following the oldest son is his brothers, then the mother, and finally the daughter(s). The mother must rely on her first born son to take care of her in her elder years, while the daughter is used as a “dowry chip” to marry off to another family (Maltese). Considering all the wealth is inherited by a male, the Great Chain served to structure what gender is viewed as dominant. Wealth is a form of power, and retaining power means that one man is dominant over another; therefore, by males inheriting all the wealth, they are considered dominant to woman. The women are portrayed as property and part of the wealth of a family, but have little human value. They aren’t even considered comparable to a man since they could be and were used as a trading card for more wealth at a man’s expense. The idea of men’s supremacy over women can be seen when evaluating the men looking at the naked woman at the center of Valades’s painting of the Great Chain of Being. She is posed on a table in a way that displays all body parts. The depiction of the Great Chain is degrading to women as it portrays them as merely entertainment for men and as a disposable asset. She is not being courted her spectators, but stared at carelessly like an animal at the zoo. The Great Chain of Being was interpreted in a way that women were inferior pieces of amusement, versus the many cheerful men standing around her. Men used the Great Chain as a means to justify their dominance over women because of their ranking, which is reflected in the careers of each gender, the structure of an immediate family, and Valade’s interpretational painting.
In addition to the roles of genders, the European race was viewed as the prominent and higher ranked race than any other. For starters, humans are positioned higher than animals (Tillyard). Then, Camper’s facial angle was used to prove how apes developed into Africans and then into Europeans. Polygenists based this order on skin color and the projection of jawlines. Because polygenists believed that the darker skin of an African was more similar to an ape than the light skin of a European, (Encyclopedia) Africans were considered closer to the animal rank on the Chain of Being and were therefore viewed as inferior. Racism was already prevalent, but people used the connection between the angle measurement and the Chain of Being as evidence to support their prejudice actions. Looking at the drawing of Haeckel, he illustrated an evolutionary chart which transitioned from apes to Africans to European and this biased interpretation connected Africans as being closer to apes on the evolutionary chain. When looking back at the Great Chain, the thought was that since apes were below Europeans, and Africans were viewed as in between, the inevitable conclusion was of Europeans being superior to Africans. The Europeans were viewed as the dominant race because of the Great Chain of Being and its...

Find Another Essay On Great Chain

Caliban: No Change in the Chain

880 words - 4 pages The great chain of being is an important theme in Shakespeare’s The Tempest because it gives order and an unbreakable, restrained structure for the characters. In this play, Caliban is Prospero’s slave for life. In Shakespeare's The Tempest, Prospero and Caliban’s words using imagery and form demonstrate how there can be no change of social status in the great chain of being. The great chain has forced Caliban to be a slave to Prospero

Operations and Supply Chain Strategy Essay

2577 words - 11 pages holding reserves. Similarly to the insurance companies that hold cash reserves to meet claims, the top manufacturers hold supply chain reserves, including excess capacity, excess inventory as well as redundant suppliers. The great challenge for managers in this regard include the way to mitigate risk through intelligently positioning and sizing supply chain reserves without decreasing profits (Gallus, Hans-Christian and Thomas 841). Therefore, while

Supply Chain Management

1711 words - 7 pages of getting a good supply chain management outcome for a manufacturer or a company, to have good customers. Not being computer literate was a tough for me I’m not only learning from doing this research, I’ve learned that having some computer literacy would have help me a great deal, because I’ve never had to just use the computer for doing a research, but you can get a lot of information using just the computer, of course looking at website

How the supply chain differs on a B2C site compared to a B2B site

1049 words - 4 pages B2C supply chain activities can involve many aspects including customer service and support, purchasing system support, the scale of operations is generally smaller than that of B2B. ConclusionOverall I found many differences between B2B and B2C as well as many opinions of which one is the best. In order to choose which is best for a company or individual, there has to be a need established. How great is the need and which one would suit that

The Strategic Importance of Supply Chain Management

2046 words - 8 pages competition positioningA successful supply chain strategy should not only help companies identify core competencies and improve efficiency, but help companies to survive in the fiercely competitive and demanding world (Fawcett, Magnan and McCarter 2008).Globalization leads to higher exposure to uncertain risks and competition. The great degree of uncertainty weakens companies' confidence in supply chain in maintaining its inherent competitive advantage

What Shoppers Want

679 words - 3 pages Augusta. The Augusta Chronicle also reported that a Costco employee earns twelve dollars an hour. This is great with minimum wage being seven dollars and twenty-five cents an hour. Chain stores usually are very popular and keep customers coming back. The more people that shop, the more employees need to be hired. Jobs are created when these big retail stores open. Discounts are given to employees which can benefit both parties. In conclusion

Chain Stores are Beneficial

756 words - 4 pages rushing around town to different stores to buy only one product from each store. Even though smaller businesses are great and nice to have around, larger chain stores are more convenient and will earn more money. Wal-Mart has been innovating and have been trying to serve all kinds of consumers. “John Murphy, Wal-Mart’s regional vice president, wants to make the Montfort Drive Wal-Mart the first kosher-certified store in the chain” (Halkias

Informatoin Technology

949 words - 4 pages Information is a key component to developing and maintaining an effective and profitable supply chain. The old saying “bad information in equal bad information out” has lead to the demise of profitability. In its information system, Wal-mart have been leading the charge for what a successful information system strategy looks like and how it can change a company from being good to great. Information Management System Wal-mart point of sale (POS

Military Versus Commercial Supply Chain

929 words - 4 pages of governments’ resources go to military investments. Investing heavily in military research and development is akin to improving the national security of a state. This is the reason as to why supply chain models such as the deterministic analytical model is of great importance to the military compared to any civilian organization (Basu et al., 2007). Such models take into account mathematical programming models like dynamic, linear, and nonlinear

What is Supply Chain Management?

732 words - 3 pages , stocking points, and sourcing points is the natural first stage in generating a supply chain. After the size, quantity, and location of these are resolute, importance to a firm since they represent the basic strategy for retrieving customer markets, the place of services involves a assurance of resources to a long-term design. These resolutions are of great so are the thinkable paths by which the product flows through to the final customer and will

Crocs Case Study

1027 words - 4 pages Crocs emerged in 2003, quickly growing in both scope and profitability as a result of its unique value chain management system. Foregoing traditional models, Crocs quickly acquired and established a world-wide network of supply, manufacturing, production, and delivery systems. This gave Crocs the ability to minimize costs, maximize efficiency, and deliver the best value to their customers. Within this customer-focused framework, Crocs created

Similar Essays

Great Chain: Scala Naturae Essay

2178 words - 9 pages Originating in the minds of Aristotle and various other philosophers, the idea of “scala naturae” was developed (Haaramo). This theory centered on the idea of a vertical ladder acting as a unilateral hierarchy of life forms. Starting in the Medieval Period, the Great Chain of Being was developed and reached its height during the Elizabethan Era (Haaramo). The idea of this theory was objective, and served purely as a ranking based on the level of

The Great Chain Of Man Essay

1054 words - 5 pages himself and attempts to put him in his place by enlightening man of his presumptuousness and the wickedness of his pride. By defining man’s place in the Great Chain of Being, Pope demonstrates the complexity and intricateness of the universes’ order. Pope began writing at an early age, composing epic poetry at twelve years old and published several famous works one of which is “An Essay on Man” (Alexander Pope 87). “His writing did not strive

The Great Chain Of Being In Hamlet

1373 words - 5 pages The main concept of the Great Chain of Being is that every existing thing in the universe has its “place” in an outlined hierarchical order. Where it is placed depends on the amount of spirit and importance in society it has. The chain commences at God and progresses downward to angelic beings, kings, princes, nobles, regular humans, animals, plants, and many other objects of nature. According to this theory, all existing things have their

Iago, Man’s Animal Appetites, And The Great Chain Of Being In Shakespeare’s Othello

1369 words - 5 pages nature of the enigma that is one of his most striking villains. To fully comprehend Iago, however, we must also examine one of the most potent beliefs of the Elizabethan era: The Great Chain of Being. This belief stated that every thing in the universe held a rank in a great hierarchy in which God ruled supreme. Minerals had the lowest rank, then plants, followed by animals, humans, angels and finally the Divine Ruler. This Ladder of Life can be