This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Great Chain: Scala Naturae Essay

2178 words - 9 pages

Originating in the minds of Aristotle and various other philosophers, the idea of “scala naturae” was developed (Haaramo). This theory centered on the idea of a vertical ladder acting as a unilateral hierarchy of life forms. Starting in the Medieval Period, the Great Chain of Being was developed and reached its height during the Elizabethan Era (Haaramo). The idea of this theory was objective, and served purely as a ranking based on the level of a life form’s development (Carlin). Although this is true, the Elizabethans took advantage of their higher ranking and adopted the theory to fit their lives. Those of a higher status, heavily influenced those below them, so in effect, the inferior ranks’ minds were sculpted to how their superiors desired. The Great Chain was used by the higher rankings to support the dominance and control of European males, the Catholic Church, and the king, over any of their oppositions.
Equality between men and women was not the norm at this time, and the Chain of Being was used to support the idea of men being the dominant gender. Among the physical world, men were viewed as the superior life form above women on the Great Chain (Roots). People interpreted this as men being more developed or advanced than women and this led to a great disparity between the roles of each gender. Men primarily worked either physical labor or those positions which required more knowledge such as sciences and mathematics, versus women who remained at home and cared for the male’s offspring (Elizabethan). Because of the Great Chain, the workforce for men revolved around positions of more prestige and education than what a women was able to pursue. Also, because of their perceived higher rank, men were closer on the chain to God. The higher the ranking, the more developed and perfect a being is (Carlin). In each Elizabethan immediate family, there is a hierarchy. The father is the most dominant, followed by the first born son. Following the oldest son is his brothers, then the mother, and finally the daughter(s). The mother must rely on her first born son to take care of her in her elder years, while the daughter is used as a “dowry chip” to marry off to another family (Maltese). Considering all the wealth is inherited by a male, the Great Chain served to structure what gender is viewed as dominant. Wealth is a form of power, and retaining power means that one man is dominant over another; therefore, by males inheriting all the wealth, they are considered dominant to woman. The women are portrayed as property and part of the wealth of a family, but have no little value. They aren’t even considered comparable to a man since they could be and were used as a trading card for more wealth at a man’s expense. The idea of women as property can be seen when one evaluates the men looking at the naked woman at the center of Valades’s painting of the Great Chain of Being. She is posed on a table in a way that displays all body parts. The depiction of...

Find Another Essay On Great Chain: Scala Naturae

food is good Essay

1745 words - 7 pages applied to all life, Wallace did not believe it could apply to humans.The evolution of evolutionThere was a view that everything in the world had a place. Everything had a spot and things can't be moved from that spot; no evolution.The great chain of being was used as common wisdom for a very long time.Carolus Linneaus was a Swedish 18th Century botanist. He was known as the father of taxonomy.Systema Naturae, 1735. Linneaus classified organisms

St. Thomas Aquinas: Proving God's Existence

2055 words - 8 pages the Summa contra Gentiles and the Summa Theologica . He leaves us a legacy as a great theologian and philosopher, often compared to Aristotle. “Much of Thomas’s personal studies went into ‘exposition’, as he usually called it, of works of Aristotle. Having embarked on what would become the Summa Theological, he clearly found Aristotle’s De Anima very helpful in his own theological accounts of the soul.” (Kerr 27) His life spanned forty-nine

History and Structure of Venice

2549 words - 10 pages and its architecture makes Venice ?a symbol of beauty.?3 ? Geography and Foundation The city of Venice is located at the far north of the Adriatic Sea, in what Dr. Timothy Fehler of Furman University calls ?the armpit of Italy.?4? Venice is situated on a chain of marshy islands protected from the Adriatic Sea by the Lidi, the sandbar-like islands further out in the water.? In describing the body of water Venice is located in, Horatio Brown

Exploring Basilicas and Churches in Rome

2934 words - 12 pages people believe that it was where Constantine was baptized; however, according to historians, he was baptized on his deathbed. It is dedicated to both John the Baptist and John the Evangelist and was where Pope St. Gregory the Great (590-604) composed the Gregorian chant (Nyborg 3-4,8,10-11). RELICS: There are many relics that are an important part of San Giovanni in Laterano. The high altar holds two of the major relics such as the heads of

Sherlock holmes

11009 words - 44 pages Carlsbad. 'Remarkable as being the scene of the death of Wallenstein, and for its numerous glass-factories and paper-mills.' Ha, ha, my boy, what do you make of that?" His eyes sparkled, and he sent up a great blue triumphant cloud from his cigarette. "The paper was made in Bohemia," I said. "Precisely. And the man who wrote the note is a German. Do you note the peculiar construction of the sentence--'This account of you we have from all quarters

Holmes

11009 words - 44 pages Carlsbad. 'Remarkable as being the scene of the death of Wallenstein, and for its numerous glass-factories and paper-mills.' Ha, ha, my boy, what do you make of that?" His eyes sparkled, and he sent up a great blue triumphant cloud from his cigarette. "The paper was made in Bohemia," I said. "Precisely. And the man who wrote the note is a German. Do you note the peculiar construction of the sentence--'This account of you we have from all quarters

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages that made these bonds an enticing investment. Subprime borrowers were offered a low mortgage rate, or teaser rate at the beginning of the loan only to have it rise later. This attracted more borrowers to the market, but these borrowers represented a greater risk of default, and when loan rates went up it the level of default went up. Hedge fund manager Michael Burry observes, “The borrowers will always be willing to take a great deal for themselves

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

Similar Essays

Great Chain Essay

1575 words - 7 pages Originating in the minds of Aristotle and various other philosophers, the idea of scala naturae was developed. Meaning vertical ladder, the theory centers on the idea of a unilateral hierarchy of life forms. Starting in the Medieval Period, the Great Chain of Being was developed from Aristotle’s scala naturae and reached its height during the Elizabethan Era (Haaramo). The theory itself is objective and is purely a hierarchy based on the level

Aristotle Thesis Defense Essay

1361 words - 5 pages , or further passive capacity no longer needs to be entreated. For the next section of this essay, I came across a work by the scholars E. M. W. Tillyard and A. O. Lovejoy who claimed that ancient and medieval thought were both shaped by a certain ideological framework known as the "The Chain of Being." Occasionally called the Scala Natura (scale of nature), this view perceived that all of creation existed within a universal hierarchy that

Nutrition Essay

688 words - 3 pages agency cannot fully respond to the needs of the survivors and the affected community. This means that many agencies have to come together to effectively respond to a disaster. For Hurricane Katrina, this inter-agency cooperation was lacking (Fischer, Gregoire, Scala, Letuka, Mellon & Turner, 2006). The magnitude of the hurricane meant that local, state and federal agencies had to work together to mitigate the problems brought about by the disaster

The Tree It Literary Works: Annotated Bibliography

2963 words - 12 pages little about the natural world; therefore, she recommends coming face to face with a tree or another non-human in order that we make time to appreciate it and to develop a conscientious concern for our resources. Kutschera, Ulrich. “From the Scala Naturae to the Symbiogenetic and Dynamic Tree of Life.” Biology Direct. 6.1 (2011): 33-57. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. Kutschera explores science and biblical representations of the tree. A beautiful