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Greatest Haitian Leader (Toussaint L’ouverture) Essay

1383 words - 6 pages

Toussaint L’ouverture was born on May 20, 1743 in Haiti. Toussaint was one of the many who was born into slavery. Toussaint belonged to a very small class of slaves who had some privileges. Toussaint’s owner encouraged him to read and write; later on Toussaint became interested in books. This had a large impact on his political life. Toussaint was some of the few black males to be freed from slavery when he was in his thirties. After being freed from slavery Toussaint became a slave and landowner. An agent of change is a person, event or time period, which had significant impact on the society, which alters the way we do things today. Toussaint L’ouverture deserves to be an agent of ...view middle of the document...

This was the start of the Haitian Revolution, which was lead by Toussaint L’ouverture. The Haitian Revolution was a bunch of revolting slaves. The Haitian revolt took place in one of French colonies called Saint Domingue, which is also known as Haiti. The Slave revolt lead by Toussaint was known to be one the successful slave rebellion and it was one of the most defining moments in history in both Europe and the Americas. The Haiti there were about an estimate of 32,00 white people/ French and among those was an estimate of 452,000 free black men and slaves. The Slaves and black males out number the French and white people to a ratio of 10:1. Toussaint L’ouverture had great military intelligence and he used this to start Haitian revolution. Within the first ten days of the war the slaves took the entire north province. The French slave owners and plantation owners only owned small-enclosed farmlands. They have lost most of their land within the first few days.
Almost all of the slaves planned on getting revenge from their owners. They did it anyway they can through torture, death, destroying land and many others. The slaves also destroyed more than 180 plantations and farmland. This slave revolt started in 1791 and by 1792 the slave rebels controlled more than 3/8 of the island. Toussaint military career began in 1791 when he lead the slaves in guerilla warfare and defeated the whites in his colony that ended slavery. After all the destruction to one of France’s valuable of colonies they granted civil and political rights to the men of color in the colonies in March of 1792. Toussaint L’ouverture helped give the colored men who were slaves the rights they deserved. He did this by fighting of the French who were in control of the colony. In 1794 Toussaint fought the white people in Haiti he worked with the French General to ensure that the remaining slaves will be freed. By now Toussaint had an army of that he used to fight off any invaders that came into the colony of Haiti. He agreed to bring his forces over to fight with the French. Many of the slaves were very attracted to Toussaint’s army. He was a military leader who believed in discipline and respect. The army of Toussaint, which was mostly slaves or former slaves, succeeded in most of the wars that they had fought. This is one of the ways Toussaint L’ouverture is known to the greatest leader of Haiti.
Toussaint L’ouverture and his leadership skills lead to the slave revolt, which had an impact of napoleon and his decision of selling the large area of land. This was one of the causes for the Louisiana Purchase. The Louisiana Purchase was a deal between the French and The United States bought a certain amount of land, which is now to be about 15 of the states. The slave revolt that took place in Haiti and another war with Britain caused the French to sell the large landmass.
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