Greece 2 Essay

911 words - 4 pages

Greece Greece is a country in southeastern Europe, taking up most of the Balkan Peninsula and has over 2,000 islands. It is bordered by Albania, Macedonia, and Bulgaria to the north; Turkey to the east, and mostly surrounded by water. Athens is the largest and capital city in Greece.Geography- Physical Characteristics- Greece is commonly visited by tourists because of its natural beauty. It is very mountainous, almost four-fifths of it is mountains. One of the most famous and highest mountain is Mt. Olympus it stands at over 9500 ft. In ancient Greek mythology, Mt. Olympus was thought of as the home of the gods.There are different regions of Greece: the central mountain area, the Pindus; the southeastern part of central Greece, Attica; and the large plain of the eastern coast, Boeotia.Climate- The climate of Greece is split into two major sections. The northern part of Greece is a temperate climate where is it usually cool and wet. The southern part is a Mediterranean climate where it is usually warm, but winters and mildly wet and summers are hot and dry. The thousands of island are also a Mediterranean climate, except a little bit hotter.Location- The relative location of Greece is: it is surrounded by Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey, the Aegean Sea, the Ionian Sea, plus the Mediterranean Sea. The absolute location of Greece is: it from 20° East-26½° East and 41½° North- 35° North. Natural Resources- Greece is a very poor country and doesn't have any natural sources of real worth, but Greece does have a few unique things known to its country. They haves mine that receive lignite, bauxite, magnesium, salt, iron ore, chromium, lead, zinc, silver, nickel, copper, and uranium. Also they have many agricultural resources like wheat, olives, cotton, tobacco, oats, barley, and millet.Government and Economics- Type of Government- Earlier this century Greece was controlled by a hereditary monarchy, but later Greece was declared a republic and had elections for President. Cities that have more than 100,000 inhabitants are governed by a mayor and a city council, and cities that have 300 to 10,000 inhabitants are governed by a president and a community council. The most popular political parties are: Democratic Center Union; New Democracy; Panhellinic Socialist Movement (Pasok); and the United Left Alliance, which is a type of communist party.Greece, for administrative purposes, is divided into 13 regions. The 13 regions are Northern Aegean, Southern Aegean, Attica, Crete, Epirus, Central Greece, Western Greece, Ionian Islands, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace, Central Macedonia, Western Macedonia, Pelopónnisos, and Thessaly.Currency- The currency in Greece is the drachma. It takes 274 drachmas to equal the United States' dollar.People- Customs- Greeks follow many old...

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