Greek And Roman Architectural Influences In Modern Society

1637 words - 7 pages

There are many imitations, and reproductions of Greek and Roman forms in the modern society of today. Even though the times of the great Ancient Greek and Roman Empires have passed, people of today are still able to honor their legacy with their long-lasting influences on modern society today, especially in architecture. If one just looks at today’s style of buildings, they can see the similarities between the two different time spans.
Back in the golden days of Greece, one of the top priorities to the Grecian people was how big and impressive their way of life was, and this included their houses, and public buildings. The primary type of definitive Greek building was the temple. Many of these temples were built on a large hill known as an acropolis, and it generally included placements of columns that encircled a large hall for a statue of one of the Greek deities to whom the temple was dedicated. The Greek style of architecture that we learn about today in school and from common knowledge began in the Bronze Age of the Aegean civilization (3000-1000 Before Christ), which was mostly located around the coast of Asia Minor, which was along what is now Southern Greece, and the island of Crete. In Ancient Greece, there were two distinct periods of time that encompassed different, yet similar, styles of architecture. The first was the Minoan Period (3000-1200), during this time, the Minoan royalty and wealthy lived in great, palace-like houses, which contained a number of rooms, and were usually constructed around a central courtyard. Many of these palaces were at least two or more stories high, and they were connected by huge, elaborate staircases. The walls were typically made with a bright white stone, and faced with stucco for decorative purposes. The grand Minoan Palaces reached their most cutting-edge types of architectural styles during the sixteenth century BC. However, around 1200 BC, the power of the Minoans began to diminish, and along with a revolt from the Grecian mainland, and a volcanic eruption on an island north of Crete brought about the disintegration of the Minoan Period. (“Classical Greek Architecture” 616) (Reid 26)
Along came the Mycenaean Period after the Minoan Period, in 1500 BC. This mainland Grecian society was very different from the Minoans. While the Minoans of Crete were laidback, these Grecians were much more militaristic and practical, much like how the Roman Empire was, except there were individual communities often warring with each other. Also, the Mycenaean cities were dominated by gigantic citadels, or huge fortresses, that were strategically placed on ground that was higher than the rest of the city, and were protected by massive walls that were made of limestone, which were entered by a great set of fortified gates. There are some similarities between the Mycenaean and Minoan people. Much like the Minoan palaces, the grand house for the important members of the Mycenaean group had many large rooms that were...

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