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Greek And Roman Culture Essay

1405 words - 6 pages

Part 1: Fill in the below table with both similarities and differences of the Greek and Roman cultures. Indicate if you are describing a similarity or a difference. If you are describing a similarity then place your research information under both the Greek and Roman culture. If you are describing a difference list the difference between the two cultures under each culture. Please fill in all 10 lines within the table, each row will expand as you type in your information.

Similarity/Difference Greek Culture Roman Culture
1 Political views -Difference The Greeks had the first known democracy. They ruled with a democratic hand. Ancient Rome was ran as a Republican nation until 27 ...view middle of the document...

This alphabet actually resembles most of our modern day languages.
6 Agricultural Economy - difference Greece built up most of their power in economy by trading in the Mediterranean. They slowly grew in power from their access to the sea. Unlike Greece, Rome got their power in a more hostile way; they grew by conquest.
7 Slaves - similar Greece had slaves during their reign. Romans also had slaves and were dependent on their work for the survival of their economy. This lasted from the Expansion to the Late Empire. Greece had slaves during their reign. Romans also had slaves and were dependent on their work for the survival of their economy. This lasted from the Expansion to the Late Empire.
8 Family - difference Greek family also known as an oikos, is what modern day families would consider normal. In Roman culture, the father was the dominant figure in the household. Even if the son of a man grew to adulthood and created his own family, if his father was the paterfamilias (Roman head of household) he could still make decisions regarding the family. The father of a family could even decide whether or not to keep a newborn baby.
9 Philosophy- similar Out of all that Greece had to contribute to Western society, Philosophy was the longest lasting and the greatest. The three most renowned philosophers of Greece all lived around the same time and formed the outline of all other philosophies to come. These philosophers were known as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. The Roman philosophy is thoroughly based on traditions of Greek philosophy. Out of all that Greece had to contribute to Western society, Philosophy was the longest lasting and the greatest. The three most renowned philosophers of Greece all lived around the same time and formed the outline of all other philosophies to come. These philosophers were known as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. The Roman philosophy is thoroughly based on traditions of Greek philosophy.
10 Games- similar The Olympic games are considered to be one of the oldest festivals known to man. The games hold both religious beliefs and sporting events. They were created around the year 776 BCE in Greece and were held every four years, even when Romans ruled. The Olympic games are considered to be one of the oldest festivals known to man. The games hold both religious beliefs and sporting events. They were created around the year 776 BCE in Greece and were held every four years, even when Romans ruled.

Part 2: For the following questions, provide your response in short-answer format (2-3 sentences each). Use this Unit activities and resources to assist you in answering the questions.

1) How did the Cycladic, Minoan, and Mycenaean cultures contribute to Greeks’ sense of themselves?

• Cycladic culture: This culture is the oldest of all the Aegean cultures and grew in the Cyclades islands sometime around 2500 and 2000 B.C.E. It is believed that this culture was absorbed into the Minoan culture over time. This culture put an...

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