A Brief History Of Ancient Greek Architecture

1738 words - 7 pages

Greek Architecture is one of the earliest styles of architecture. It is also one of the leading forerunners for some of the modern architecture we see today. Although there are very few of the Greek’s masterpieces left to view to this day they are still masterpieces to behold. Architectural styles are used for decoration and structure. Greek Architecture isn’t just for the glamour and decoration, but also for the creative method and styles in which a building was built

Greek architecture originated in Crete formed by the Dorians hence the Doric columns. In Greece the Dorians developed their forms of construction at such rapid paces that between the 10th and the 6th cent. B.C. a defined system of construction was established or what we call architecture. However, prior to the evolution of the grand marble temples of the 5th century B.C., there were unquestionably developing stages in which walls were made of sun-dried bricks and roofs, friezes and columns were made of wood (info please.)

The different styles of columns that were used in Ancient Greece include Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. These different types differentiate from simple to complex, ranging from the kind of building or the wealth of the home owner.

Doric is the simplest of the three column types, has little to no elaborate design on it. There is a capital at the top of the column, which is usually round or square. Then there is the shaft the tall long part of the column usually with groves going vertically. But what makes the Doric order unique is that there is no base, which makes it unique in its own way compared to the other orders (Bruce R.). The Doric style was also the first of the three kinds used, at first being made out of wood then later on out of marble. This type of column though was mostly used within noble buildings or temples (encyclopedia).
Ionic the second of the three columns developed resembles a scroll as the capital and has a taller shaft then the Doric. The Ionic order is also a thinner and more elegant one out of the three orders (Ancient Greece). Yet unlike Doric, Ionic has a base that resembles sets of stacked rings (Bruce R.).
Then there is Corinthian the last and actually the least used. The Corinthian order has a capital that is very elaborate unlike Ionic and Doric. Corinthian is the fanciest of all the columns it is decorated with leaves and/or flowers of variety (Ancient Greece). Yet unlike Doric and Ionic roofs, which are at a slant, the Corinthian roof is flat (Bruce R.).

Greek Architecture was the stepping stones for much of the architecture we see today and can also be seen in some of today’s more common buildings. In the Victorian days columns were mostly found in the facades of homes. Even a thing as recent as the U.S.A. capital shows signs of this great architectural method.
Here are some examples of the three types of columns and some ancient buildings still remaining. Doric is most famously seen in the Parthenon an old Greek...

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