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Greek Philosopher: Aristotle Essay

1140 words - 5 pages

Aristotle is a historic and global face who in his life made some of the most monumental discoveries and conclusions in many fields. These fields are such as the topics of logic, metaphysics, the law of nature, physics, biology, and even the arts. The theories and methods he came up with were not only thought of and lived by in his days, but are still believed in to this day. His laws within these topics have held up through out the years, and continue to be followed to this day. Not only is he famous for making his own theories, but he is also widely known for disproving previous theories and conclusions that were believed to be true. Aristotle’s thoughts, experiments, and reasoning has ...view middle of the document...

Just as the examples of ‘the great and the small’ and ‘the dense and the rare’, it is shown that our principles should be contraries based on universal sense.
Aristotle created the category of metaphysics, doing many works in the subject and calling it this either because it is said that they went beyond or they followed up after some of his physical experimenting. He believes that “the functioning, therefore, of what is potential, when there is actually something being realized, not as itself, but as movable, is motion” (Hope 42). Movement is the act of something being completed or fulfilled. Aristotle is speaking of the fact that movement is an actualization of potential in a thing. The potential is realized not as its normal self, but instead in something completely different. He also theorizes that “time is defined as the measure of motion in regard to what is earlier and later. It thus depends for its existence upon motion. If there were no change in the universe, there would be no time” (“Aristotle-Mobile Site Preview”). Change happens over time. If there were no change in the universe, it would seem as if time was inexistent because nothing new would be happening. Therefore, time is judged by new things and events happening at certain points in the universe.
According to a popular article online, Aristotle sees the universe “as a scale lying between the two extremes: form without matter is on one end, and matter without form is on the other end.”He believes that “if matter were produced, some first constituent would have to be present out of which matter would arise; but to be such a constituent, is matter’s own nature. Were matter produced, matter would therefore have been before it arose” (Hope 22)! In order for matter to be present there has to have already been matter there to create it. Matter can not simply appear out of thin air, but must be present then created or edited by current matter that is already there. Once matter is in a certain place, then more matter can be produced. However, matter, as stated, can not simply appear and make itself. Also on terms of matter, he states that “the passage of matter into form must be shown in its various stages in the world of nature. To do this is the object of Aristotle’s physics, or philosophy of nature” (“Aristotle-Mobile...

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