Greek Sculpture Essay

1187 words - 5 pages

The Geometric period is the first period in Ancient Greek Art and Sculpture, which began in the ninth century and ended in the seventh century B.C.. In this period sculptures were constructed in a much smaller, cruder form then the well-known sculptures of the other Greek periods. An example of a statue created in the Geometric period is Hero and centaur (Herakles and Nessos?), which is dated between 750-730 B.C.. The sculptures most likely represent the hero Herakles and the centaur Nessos, which are both part of Greek mythology, which is a common motif is Greek sculpture. A motif is a repeated them, design, or pattern used consistently in different works of period. In the Geometric period we also see the beginning of artists focusing on reproducing details of the human anatomy. In the sculpture of the Hero and the centaur this is seen through the artists creation of eye sockets on the statue of the hero. The anatomical correctness that begins in this era is evolved and carried through all periods of Greek sculpture, but it is important to note that this special attention to detail of the human specimen began in the Geometric age.The Archaic period is the next period in Ancient Greek art, which took place around the sixth century B.C. This period of art differed from the Geometric period in many ways, for example, the size of the sculptures grew exponentially. The Archaic period also portrayed humans not only anatomically correct, but with perfect bodies modeled much like the Ancient Egyptians canonical form of sculpture. A canon is an ideal system of proportions of depicting humans, buildings, and other forms of art. Sculpture in the Archaic period was also very rigid, but unlike the Egyptians, movement was depicted. This can be seen in the sculpture of the Calf Bearer, which was carved out of marble in 560 B.C.. The Calf Bearer is a statue of a matured man who is carrying a calf around his shoulders to sacrifice to Athena for giving him prosperity. The man is taking a step forward which again shows the Greeks emphasis on movement. The Archaic period also emphasized a love of patterns, which can be seen in this sculpture by the union of the man and the calf to form an X across the man?s chest, which shows the relationship and problems between animals and man. Unlike the Geometric period, the Archaic period depicted humans more realistically and lifelike. In the Geometric period, artists began to pay attention to the human anatomy, yet the Archaic period is when this set of canons really took off. In the Archaic period, sculptors also began portraying their subjects with a smile to show that they are alive, however often times these smiles are not appropriate and are not to be taken literally.The next period in Greek sculpture and art is the Classical period, which consists of the early, high, and late classical sub periods. The Classical period began in the fifth century and ended in the fourth century B.C.. The early and high Classical periods...

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