The world today is a witness to the problems regarding the state of the environment, the degree of social inequality, and the continued rise of social injustice. Many claim that to address these, an alternative to the capitalist system needs to be found. Meadows et al. for example, argue that there are limits to growth, which means that, given the present context, society has surpassed its own limits. Green Politics offers an alternative to the utopian idea of everlasting economic growth. It is defined by its basic concepts of environmentalism, social justice, and grassroots democracies. Additionally it believes firmly in zero growth or sustainable growth . This paper argues that Green Politics and green policies must be implemented as a replacement of the current unsustainable capitalist system because it is cost efficient, it protects and uses natural resources sustainably, and it promotes social justice.
Green Politics promotes more cost-efficient energy use. The central belief of Green Politics is to reduce the abuse on the environment and one of the ways it does this is through the use of alternative energy sources. Although the cost of implementing alternative energy may be high in the short term, the long term costs will become more manageable. In addition to the use of green energy, under the principles of Green Politics, producing all kinds of materials and products will be made cheaper and more cost-effective while improving on the longevity of use. This concept is emphasized, for example, in the building of passive houses that use very little traditional energy sources .
Furthermore, implementing Green Politics will also lead to greater social justice, which is a basic tenet of the green ideology. By promoting social justice, the gap between rich and poor will be closed, and equality will be championed. All these will be attained through grassroots democracies, which are bottom-up democracies that exist at the local level, in contrast to the top-down democracies that are currently in place. Through this, implementing new ideas will become easier. One of the key...