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Green Revolution Essay

964 words - 4 pages

Seeking a prosperous farming lifestyle takes effort and ambition to achieve. Plowing farmland and planting seeds by hand are examples of what farmers cope with on the fields. These tasks are time consuming, labor intensive and not rewarding. To make matters worse, harvesting crops rarely gives farmers anything in return, which makes their work frustrating. Farmers who sacrifice their labor to a non-rewarding job is a serious issue in agriculture. Fortunate enough, an American scientist named “Norman Borlaug” found a solution to the problem by developing a movement termed the “Green Revolution” (Briney, 2008). Starting in the 1960s, this movement encouraged nations around the world to use ...view middle of the document...

Exporting goods helped India make the first step towards a transition from a nation that relies on imports to a nation that lives off exports. At this point, the outcomes of the Green Revolution are positive due to the improvement of the Indian economy and agricultural lifestyle. Along with India, other “nations in Latin American, Africa, and Asia” involved themselves in the Green Revolution in attempt to create better agricultural productivity (Curran, 2013). A commonality between these nations is that they saw the Green Revolution as a path towards more self-sustaining agriculture. In other words, nations wanted to learn how to live independently. Although the Green Revolution was designed with the purpose to make nations more self-reliant, the movement came with its disadvantages.
The disadvantages of the Green Revolution made significant changes that lasted for long periods of time. One example of a long term disadvantage is soil destruction. When India first applied the methods of American farming into their farms, they saw big improvements in crop production. After a few years of the Green Revolution in India, the “high yielding crops absorbed much of the nutrients of the land’s soil” (Zwerdling, 2009). The direct outcome is nutrient depletion of the soil, which takes years to regain its minerals. Another example of a long term effect is water scarcity. In India, high yielding crops require large amounts of water to grow and mature, but to find a water source to supply crops is difficult. “Common rainfall was not good enough to sustain crop development,” so fresh water from nearby rivers or underground holes was the solution to feeding crops (Zwerdling, 2009). Unfortunately, the cost of doing so depleted the fresh water supply, which is a precious resource to all living beings. If most of the fresh water supply was used up, then a water crisis will occur. Similar to soil, fresh water takes years to accumulate, an indication that the...

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