Gregor Mendel. Essay

937 words - 4 pages

INTRODUCTIONGregor Mendel played a very important role in the underlying principals of genetic inheritance. My research project will give a detailed description of his life, his works and the time he spent in life. Gregor Mendel researched agriculture. When he was younger he entered the monastery. He learned science through experimentation and was interested in plants. The importance of his works was not discovered while he was alive, however he was credited for his work after his death. Gregor Mendel's life was very interesting and he achieved many goals and had many accomplishments. His work was very important to the science community and it is currently still being studied. Without any knowledge of his work we would not have as much knowledge about heredity today.DESCRIPTIONGregor Mendel's works in science performed a tremendous part in the principals of science, heredity and genetic inheritance. Gregor was born in Heinsendorf, Austrian Silesa that is now known as Czech republic. He was born on July 22, 1822 with the name of Johann Mendel and changed his name to Gregor in 1843. He was the second child of Anton and Rosine Mendel, farmers in Brunn, Moravia. Mendel's brilliant performance at school as a youngster encouraged his family to support him with his pursuit of a higher education they were poor so, Mendel entered an Augustinian monastery. He grew up in an Augustinian brotherhood and learned agricultural training with basic education. He entered the Augustinian monastery in 1843. After being educated in technological studies for 3 years he went on to the University of Vienna. He was influenced by two of his professors who and stirred up his interests in the variation of plants. He returned to Brunn in 1854 and became a teacher until 1868.In 1857 he began breeding garden peas to study inheritance, this lead to the laws of segregation and independent assortment. He watched and recorded characteristics of garden peas like: plant height, seed color, seed shape, seed coat, pod shape, pod color, and flower distribution at the end of the stem. Mendel's research confirmed his individuality. It took seven years for Gregor Mendel to cross and record the plants to prove the laws of inheritance. From his studies, Mendel resulted with basic laws of heredity: hereditary factors do not combine, but are passed intact; each member of the parental generation transmits only half of its hereditary factors to each offspring (with certain factors "dominant" over others). He stated that different offspring of the same parents receive different sets of hereditary factors. Mendel's work became the foundation for modern genetics. The results of his work were published in 1866 and his studies stated that the members of a pair of homologous chromosomes segregate during meiosis and is distributed to different gametes. Mendel's work was not recognized as a scientific break through at...

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