Grete’s Violin And Dorotea’s Bundle As Symbols Of Humanity That Contrast With Pedro Paramo And Gregor’s Father’s Lack Of Humanity

1390 words - 6 pages

The novels of The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka and Pedro Paramo by Juan Rulfo, contain many familial relationships. Some of these relationships are good, and some are not. The fathers make the difference between the good relationships and the bad. Grete’s violin and Dorotea’s bundle symbolize the traits that Gregor’s father and Pedro Paramo lack. The author uses these symbols to show that humanity is not created through parental connections, but through compassion for one another.
Dorotea’s mothering instinct for a bundle of a rebozo represents humanity and parental love. Dorotea takes care her of the bundle of rebozo with an unconditional love, as if it was a baby. “I could feel him in my arms, my sweet baby, with his little mouth and eyes and hands. For a long, long time I could feel his eyelids and the beating of his heart with my fingertips” (Rulfo 60). She sees this bundle as her child and so it becomes a source of comfort for her, because it allows her to form a parent-child relationship. The child’s origin does not make the relationship, instead the relationship forms because of Dorotea’s unconditional love for the rebozo. The bundle also gives Dorotea something to feel connected with. Comala isolates Dorotea because she is viewed as insane. Her rebozo is often her only connection to others. “[Dorotea] gets up early every morning to come by here for her breakfast. She’s the one who rolls up her bundle in her rebozo and sings to it, and calls it her baby” (Rulfo 63). Her bundle allows her to love and be loved in return. This connection with something that can be loved allows her to retain her humanity in her isolation.
In The Metamorphosis, Grete’s violin symbolizes humanity. Gregor finds his humanity through his sister’s music, even in his bug form, because he can still sense the emotion entwined in the music. “And yet his sister was playing so beautifully. Her face was inclined to one side, sadly and probingly her eyes followed the lines of music” (Kafka 46). This quote demonstrates the connection between music and emotion and therefore humanity. Grete playing allows her to experience the emotions in life. Kafka’s diction in this passage evokes an emotional response in the reader as well. The violin is a symbol because of the emotional connection between Grete and the music, as well as the music and others, and emotional relationships are what define humanity. These emotions touch Gregor’s internal humanity, even though externally he remains a bug. Gregor believes that his former job took his humanity from him because he had no passion, therefore no emotion for the monotony of his job. He wishes to send his sister to the Conservatory to maintain her humanity and her passion for her violin. “Then he would confide to her that he had had the firm intention of sending her to the Conservatory, and that if the catastrophe had not intervened, he would announces this to everyone last Christmas” (Kafka 47). The...

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