This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ground Water In Ontario Essay

2189 words - 9 pages

As nations around the globe enter the 21st century, one of the most pressing concerns facing each is the notion of sustainable development. Sustainable development, simply put, refers to maintaining a rate of industrialization which minimizes the destruction of the environment. And while issues such as the price and accessibility of crude oil dominate trade talks and newspaper headlines, there is an ever-more important concern emerging: access to water. Despite its relatively small population size (approximately 30 million), Canada is one of the largest consumers of water on a per capita basis. Only the United States exceeds Canada's rate of consumption. In his article, Water from the Ground, Peter Gorrie writes that Canada uses "an estimated 1.5 billion cubic meters of [water] each year", (Gorrie 71). And while Canadians are for the most part are unaware of how much water they consume, they are even less aware of its presence around them. For water is an immense natural resource that rests not only around Canadians, but beneath their feet as well. In no region is this more pervasive than in the province of Ontario. Ontarians walk above groundwater supplies everyday, without the slightest notion of the extent to which they rely on this over-used and exploited natural resource. Canada as a whole "has far more water underground than on the surface - perhaps 65 times more than in surface lakes and streams",(Gorrie 70-71), and the same holds true for Ontario. Outside of the major urban centres which rely predominantly on surface sources for their water, most of Ontario relies on groundwater supplies. Although these groundwater supplies are abundant, not all are usable. In some cases the water has been polluted - as is the case in Elmira - and in others it is simply unpalatable because of high sulfur and other mineral contents. But because of the amount of groundwater which is actually used throughout Ontario, it is quite shocking that a majority of people are unaware of the inherent danger to Ontario's groundwater supply. "Out of sight and mind"(Gorrie 69) is an all too common phrase used by geographers to describe the lack of concern over groundwater. Ontario is slowly polluting its groundwater, and making it the resting place for many toxic chemicals. Groundwater moves the fastest through coarse sands or gravels, but it moves at a snail's pace through clays that are found in most of Southern Ontario. Some of these pollutants take hundreds of years to work there way out of the water table, and there are no clean-up solutions worth using. Pollution to groundwater comes in many different forms. Large companies are accused of being the primary polluters, but others who are also responsible include dry cleaners, farmers, residential septic tanks, mine tailing run-off, garbage dumps, and leaky fuel storage facilities. Gorrie points out one of the central problems in reducing groundwater pollution: "Canada has some of the...

Find Another Essay On Ground water in ontario

Pollution in Canada is not Good

1305 words - 5 pages pristine it is not. Littering is also a big problem for water pollution, even though you think you are just throwing that wrapper onto the ground that is just the start of its journey it actually goes a lot farther than you could imagine it going. Once the garbage gets into the water the “carbon dioxide in the water and the sun’s ultraviolet light cause the plastic to break down into tinier and tinier pieces. But don’t be mistaken. The plastic

Septic Tank and Sewer System Analysis in Nobelton, King City, Ontario, Canada

1894 words - 8 pages : Official Plan Planning Act King city by-laws Zoning by-law The Municipal Act, Ontario Building Code Ontario Water Resources Act(OWRA) Ontario Ministry of the Environment (MOE) Ministry of Transportation (MTO) Ministry of Health 3.0 MATERIAL TESTS AND PERFORMANCES Material tests should be applied in order to ensure the right quality and safety of the proposed design. During the material test, the range in groundwater elevations

The Urban Sprawl Effect on Regionalism

856 words - 3 pages immigration, effecting the environment and increasing health issues. Canada is said to have the highest immigration rate in the world. The Ontario immigration website has reported “In 2010, Canada admitted 280,636 permanent resident immigrants. Of these, Ontario received 118,116 permanent resident immigrants, who accounted for 42.1% of the total admissions.” With this steady rise in immigration, more and more people get streamlined into our major urban

Canada and Safe Water

2197 words - 9 pages . Since this disaster, there has been attempts from the surrounding communities and the nation to improve the water systems, especially in Ontario. This major event was covered by both “The Globe and Mail” and “The Toronto Star”, and represented two opinions on how to deal with the matter. Walkerton Disaster On Friday, 26 May 2000 a quiet little town in the rural heartland of Ontario was struck with a water crisis. (“Toronto Star” 22

Glacial Landforms in the Peterborough Ontario Region

6473 words - 26 pages subject to weakening by moving water. Karst features will eventually destroy themselves and become collapsed caves. Stalagmites will also form in undisturbed caves by the dissolving of Calcium Carbonate from the cave walls. The conditions for karsts have at one time been present in the Warsaw Caves area. These conditions include limestone, acidic ground water, a falling freshwater table, and high water flow. One of the unique geomorphologic

Brownfield Redevelopment for Sustainable Communities within Canada

1789 words - 8 pages incorporated key sustainable design features such as geothermal heating and cooling ground loop system, a rainwater harvesting and re-use system, energy-efficient lighting and appliances and water-conserving plumbing fixtures (Ont. Min. of Infrastructure, 5). Now, The barns are the first heritage building redevelopment in Ontario to receive the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Gold certification (Ont. Min. of Infrastructure, 5). The

The Underground Water System in Western Australia

608 words - 3 pages Western Australian environment which fresh water collected at various depth below the ground surface. In Australia about 21% of the water used is derived from groundwater sources. There is considerable variation in groundwater usage between states and territories. For many areas it is either the main or the only reliable water source supporting communities and economic activity (Australian Bureau of Rural Science, 2007). Major developments and

Protection and Conservation of Endangered Species in Ontario

3410 words - 14 pages Canada, with its vast areas of land and abundance of resources, is home to many unique and complex habits that house a number of important species. Environmental policies play a key role in the survival of many endangered animal and plant species and guide conservation efforts in Ontario. In order to protect at risk species and conserve their habitats, government officials need to place greater importance on creating effective policies that


1225 words - 5 pages daily diet, and need it to survive. The earth is made up of mostly water. It has 71% water and 29% land. Yet only one percent of that is fresh useable water. The oceans, glaciers, and ice caps account for 99% of all the earth's water. That remaining small one- percent is every cloud, pound, lake, river, and aquifer. Of that one percent, two thirds of that water is under ground. In New Jersey 44 inches of rain and snow per year replenish the states

The Ogallala: Preserving the Great American Desert

1847 words - 7 pages largest "underground sponge" in the United States. It contains more that 977 trillion gallons, or three billion acre-feet of water. (An acre-foot is 325,851 gallons, or the amount of water it would take to cover an acre to the depth of one foot.) According to Jack Lewis in the EPA Journal, the water contained in the aquifer is enought to fill Lake Huron pluse one-fifth of Lake Ontario. "If pumped out over the United States," Lexis

E. Coli (escherichia coli)

865 words - 3 pages . Bacteria on cow udders and farm equipment can also get into unpasteurized milk.Only a tiny amount of bacteria needs to be in or on meat for someone to be infected and become ill; the meat could look and smell normal.Other causes of E. coli infections are consumption of contaminated produce (such as sprouts and lettuce), unpasteurized milk or juice, and swimming in or drinking sewage-contaminated water. In Walkerton, Ontario, the water table was

Similar Essays

Goundwater Essay

2015 words - 8 pages cycle, how it seeps through the ground and how it accumulates in underground pockets called aquifers. The project will also examine the many uses of groundwater in agriculture as well as environmental problems that are presently threatening the quantity and quality of groundwater reserves.THE WATER CYCLE The water cycle is a constant movement of water in the air, in the ground and on the surface of the Earth. It starts when water evaporates from

Lake Ontario Essay

1145 words - 5 pages Description of your tour stop – 3 marks With a lake depth of 86m and is 1.5% of the world's fresh water, Lake Ontario is one the five Great Lakes located on the borders between the United States and Canada. As the name suggests, this Lake Ontario is in the province of Ontario as well as the state of New York. As one of the Great Lakes, the lake provides many with fresh water (once it has been filtered). When starting from left to right, Lake

Falling Water Levels Of The Great Lakes

1017 words - 5 pages environment by reducing the fish spawning areas resulting in lower fish stocks and ultimately affecting the food chain. Declining lake levels expose greater shorelines which can become home to many invasive plant species which release toxic acids into the ground and virtually change the landscape. The common reed is an example. They invaded the shore line and choked out all the other plant that used to grow there. The declining water levels also

Water Reseach Essay

852 words - 4 pages Water is a tasteless, odorless and transparent liquid and is commonly described as the universal solvent (Shih, 2014). Solid, liquid and gas are the states of water that exist in the environment. The most abundant molecular compound covering seventy percent of our planet’s surface is water (Shih, 2014). The amount of water is constant (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources [OMNR], 2009). However, only point zero one percent of the total water