Groups And Teams Essay

1027 words - 4 pages

Running head: GROUPS AND TEAMS 1 GROUPS AND TEAMS PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 5
Groups and TeamsBrian HammockUniversity of PhoenixMGT 307March 11, 2010Carol SolingerAbstractGroups/Teams are often times used interchangeable, there are some differences. According to Schermerhorn, Hunt, and Osborn (2008, p. 170) "a group is a collection of two or more people who work with one another regularly to achieve common goals." On the contrary, Schermerhorn, Hunt, and Osborn (2008, p. 192) define a team as "A small group of people with complementary skills who work actively together to achieve a common purpose for which they hold themselves collectively accountable." This paper, will discuss ways in how groups can become high-performance teams impact of demographic characteristics and cultural diversity on group behavior and how such diversity can contribute or detract from high-performance teams.According to Schermerhorn, Hunt, and Osborn (2008, p. 171) "An effective group is one that achieves high levels of task performance, member satisfaction, team viability, and offers a potential for synergy." Some benefits of effective groups include the ability to make better decisions, improved creativity and innovation, and ability increase commitments to action. According to University of Phoenix, Learning Team Toolkit (2009), "Groups typically pass through a series of stages as they grow and evolve into teams," These stages include forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning.The first stage of group development is the forming stage. "Members are interested in getting to know each other and discovering what is considered acceptable behavior, in determining the real task of the group, and in defining group rules" (Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn, 2008, p. 175).The next stage of group development is the storming stage. During this stage, group members may encounter feelings of frustration and tension leading to opposition. For example, in some groups people certainly experienced this stage. Everyone may have his or her own idea regarding what should be done and how it should be done. Some of the personalities of the group may clash, and many individuals often wanted to point fingers at everyone else instead of working together to complete the task at hand. This could quickly lead to tension and conflict. The stage may stay through the first two to three task, eventually the group starts to come together that leads them to the next stage."The norming stage of group development, sometimes called initial integration, is the point at which the group really begins to come together as a coordinated unit" (Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn, 2008, p. 175). During this stage, groups finally can get over the differences and work together to complete the group objectives. The group learns the importance of communicating group's expectations early and often."The performing stage of group development, sometimes called total integration, marks the emergence of a mature,...

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