Growth And Development Essay

1075 words - 4 pages

There is a set of principles that characterizes the pattern and process of growth and development. These principles or characteristics describe typical development as a predictable and orderly process; that is, we can predict how most children will develop and that they will develop at the same rate and at about the same time as other children. Although there are individual differences in children's personalities, activity levels, and timing of developmental milestones, such as ages and stages, the principles and characteristics of development are universal patterns.PRINCIPLES OF DEVELOPMENTDevelopment proceeds from the head downward:This is called the cephalocaudle principle. This principle describes the direction of growth and development. According to this principle, the child gains control of the head first, then the arms, and then the legs. Infants develop control of the head and face movements within the first two months after birth. In the next few months, they are able to lift themselves up by using their arms. By 6 to 12 months of age, infants start to gain leg control and may be able to crawl, stand, or walk. Coordination of arms always precedes coordination of legs.Development proceeds from the center of the body outward:This is the principle of proximodistal development that also describes the direction of development. This means that the spinal cord develops before outer parts of the body. The child's arms develop before the hands and the hands and feet develop before the fingers and toes. Finger and toe muscles (used in fine motor dexterity) are the last to develop in physical development.Development depends on maturation and learning:Maturation refers to the sequential characteristic of biological growth and development. The biological changes occur in sequential order and give children new abilities. Changes in the brain and nervous system account largely for maturation. These changes in the brain and nervous system help children to improve in thinking (cognitive) and motor (physical) skills. Also, children must mature to a certain point before they can progress to new skills (Readiness). For example, a four-month-old cannot use language because the infant's brain has not matured enough to allow the child to talk. By two years old, the brain has developed further and with help from others, the child will have the capacity to say and understand words. Also, a child can't write or draw until he has developed the motor control to hold a pencil or crayon. Maturational patterns are innate, that is, genetically programmed. The child's environment and the learning that occurs as a result of the child's experiences largely determine whether the child will reach optimal development. A stimulating environment and varied experiences allow a child to develop to his or her potential.Development proceeds from the simple (concrete) to the more complex:Children use their cognitive and language skills to reason and solve problems. For example,...

Find Another Essay On Growth and Development

Growth And Development In Babies Essay

1403 words - 6 pages Babies grow and develop at a very rapid rate during the first year of life. They grow physically, mentally, emotionally and socially. However, through this portfolio, I intend to discuss the physical growth and development patterns of the infant through their first year.To begin with, development refers to the baby's increased skill in using various body parts. When dealing with the development of a child there are three basic developmental

China: Economic growth and Regional Development.

4286 words - 17 pages . Over the years, China's development policies have increased this unequal development pattern. The annual growth rate of GNP in inland regions of China has been always lower than those achieved in coastal regions and this gap has been increased significantly after China started the reforms. For example the per capita GDP of Shanghai, the richest provincial unit, is twelve times that of Guizhou, the poorest province. (See exhibit 2). Similarly

Hormones: Helps with Growth and Development

2209 words - 9 pages everything from your growth and development to your mood. Hormone levels may also change as you get older, or when you undergo a change in your body, like puberty or pregnancy. The term hormone was first thought of in the 1900's. In the 1990’s, they also used dogs to do research about hormones. Psychologists William Bayliss and Ernest Starling came up with the name for the chemicals that control so many different parts of our bodies: hormones

Opportunities for Tourism Growth and Development

3085 words - 12 pages is filled with businesses and homes to the very edge of the valley, as it is in every direction. And nearly all of that growth is attributable to the success of our tourism industry.It started back in the 1940's with the Flamingo, and the growth continued, not for ten or twenty years,but right up until today, when there are new projects constantly being developed.With each new wave of development the standard is set a little higher. In the 1960's

Corruption and its Impact on Economic Growth and Development.

10433 words - 42 pages ProposalThe world view today is directed towards concepts of sustainable development and the acquisition of progressively higher standards of living .Growth without development is being criticised as being an ephemeral and increasingly deceptive indicator of the actual state of the economy .Concepts like population growth which erode economic growth and education and health which enhance human capital accumulation are gaining a lot of importance

India and China: A Comparison of Economic Growth and Development

2154 words - 9 pages Banking sector. The growth of the State Bank of India was crucial to the development of India's banking system. The State Bank of India provided a support structure for all the local banks and gave them the accredited backing they needed earn the trust of customers. The State Bank of India was supported by its parent organization, the Reserve Bank of India. This banking support structure provided India's banking system with another level of support

The Growth and Development of Ideas on Race

3207 words - 13 pages The Growth and Development of Ideas on Race Without examining the past, our views today would be shallow and misleading. In making comparisons it is important to look at aspects of history to provide a more in depth understanding of certain social phenomenon. As comparisons are made, ideas emerge which can raise our levels of such understanding. In this way, by examining the meaning of race two hundred years ago, we

SME Development In Pakistan. Do Economic Growth And Government Support Matter?

2801 words - 11 pages policy makers in formulation of SMEs policies. Research objectives The development of SMEs brings many changes in country like increase in employment level, output shares, input material, output composition etc. the development occurs due to many factors like economic development in the country and government SMEs support promotion programs. Main objective of this research is to examine empirically the effect of these two factors on growth of

he role of economic geography in economic development and the impact of ICT on economic growth

2233 words - 9 pages countries are armed with good communications. On the contrary, some writers believe that geography still matters a great deal for economic interaction and for the spatial distribution of income.To discuss, I will concentrate on the role of economic geography in economic development and the impact of ICT on economic growth. From the existing inequality of economic development, we can see distance still matters in terms of economic transactions and

Growth And Development Of Huckleberry Finn

1132 words - 5 pages fifteen minutes before I could work myself up to go and humble myself to a nigger; but I done it, and I warn't ever sorry for it afterward, neither." (Twain 86). It is with this conversation that Huck shows the most maturity and growth in the novel. He realizes what he did was wrong, and works up the courage to apologize, not only to a person but to a black person. Huck grows and develops more and more throughout the novel, particularly

With Reference to a company of your choice, discuss how SMEs in South Africa can contribute to economic growth recovery and development.

2206 words - 9 pages SMEs (small and medium –sized enterprises) are increasingly becoming one the most important enterprises with the most significant change in the economic situation of many countries. Government has since realised the importance of such business and started developing the SME sector. SMEs have reached a 7 percent growth rate and account for approximately 40 percent of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product). There are about 40 000 entrants every year

Similar Essays

Economic Growth And Development Essay

820 words - 3 pages Economic growth is a necessary but not sufficient condition of economic development. There is no single definition that encompasses all the aspects of economic development. The most comprehensive definition perhaps of economic development is the one given by Todaro: ‘Development is not purely an economic phenomenon but rather a multi – dimensional process involving reorganization and re orientation of the entire economic and social

Growth And Development Essay

1061 words - 4 pages to understand what the characteristics are of being a nurturing, positive person when assisting or helping others. There are also certain techniques to be noted when coaching and training individuals. Being a Nurturing, Positive Person In order for an individual to be successful in helping other people broaden their development, it is important to be a caring and optimistic instructor. This will promote growth and development. If an

Economic Growth And Development Essay

1354 words - 5 pages 1)Distinguish between economic growth and economic development.Economic growth is a measure of a county’s productivity and the total combined income of that country. Economic development is a measure of how developed a country is i.e. people’s standard of living. For economic development to occur, economic growth also is needed but economic development is not needed for economic growth to occur.BasisEconomic DevelomentEconomic

Growth And Development Essay

1042 words - 5 pages A Health Promotion Focus: Growth and development across the lifespan (pp. 179-191). St. Louis, MO: Saunders. Mammograms. (2012, July 24). Retrieved January 23, 2014, from National Cancer Institute website: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/detection/mammograms On guard + soft gels. (2013, September 18). Retrieved January 23, 2014, from http://www.doterratools.com/documents/On_Guard_Softgels.pdf Psychology 101: Personality