Growth In Dhaka Essay

696 words - 3 pages

A megacity is defined as a metropolitan area with a total population in excess of ten million people.
Located on the banks of the Buriganga River lies Dhaka; the capital city of Bangladesh. As per the
definition of a megacity, it is the 7th largest populous city in the world and in accordance with the
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, it has an estimated population of 15 million and is likely to
continue to increase. It is expected to reach a staggering population of 25 million by 2025. The
main cause for the rapid population increase is due to in-migration. The reasons associated with
this main factor are that there are better employment opportunities, thus, giving people a chance to
escape from the poverty cycle. However, this lands up causing extreme inequality between the
higher and lower income families, which eventually results in higher housing prices as well as poor
infrastructure. !
! Dhaka's rapid population growth is caused by various factors, however, the main cause is in-
migration. The common misconception is that the source of the rapid population growth which
happens to be 1.6% is due to high fertility rates. However, this is most definitely not the case
because the fertility rate of Dhaka happens to be 2.45 children born/woman (2014 est.), which is
quite similar to other MEDCs. In-migration is the true reasoning behind the sudden inclination in
population within the capital city. 70% of the rural lower income families migrate due to
environmental factors which result in citizens not being able to earn a living, and in turn, places the
them in absolute poverty. Coastal flooding and river erosions tend to occur quite often and thus, it
destroys crops and rice fields that sustain villagers as saline water pushes further inland. Ferocious
storms demolish homes and, in some cases, entire towns. Other push factors include over-
population, growing landlessness and exploitation by the rural elites and moneylenders. In such
agricultural based countries, land is the main means to generate subsistence and surplus is the
most valuable asset to the rural poor. In the absence of other opportunities in villages, many of the
landless in rural Bangladesh are forced to migrate to cities to seek...

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