Development of Anorexia and Bulimia
Anorexia and Bulimia are two very complex conditions that have been
around for quite a while, however both anorexia and bulimia amongst
other eating disorders are becoming more and more prevalent in today’s
society. There has been extensive press and media coverage on
conditions related to eating disorders. Anorexia and bulimia are two
of the most common eating disorders or two of the most prevalent
eating disorders around. Conditions relating to eating disorders more
than fifty or so years ago were virtually unheard of, this could be
due to a number of reasons.
The bulimic sufferer will binge grotesque amounts of food, literally
assault themselves with more food than a body can tolerate. Bulimics
have no limit at all. The compulsive overeater will at last have to
stop eating if only because of the pain of their distended stomach.
The Anorexic sufferer deliberately aims to lose weight and sustains
this weight loss. Anorexics have an intense fear of gaining weight or
becoming fat, even though they are severely underweight. This intense
fear is powerful enough to make an individual diet to the point of
starvation. An individual who suffers from anorexia is hungry,
however, refuses to eat because of the fear of gaining weight.
There are thought to be various potential causes of eating disorders.
According to the eating disorders research unit, institute of
psychiatry (2002), some of the potential causes of eating disorders
may be resulted due to the disorder having genetic links, biological
factors such as chemical imbalance or malfunction, psychological
cause; interpersonal factors such as physical, sexual or psychological
abuse form any source, such as family, friend, partner etc… Other
causes of eating disorders include cultural pressure, peer pressure or
social pressure to have the perfect model body (e.g. slim), or a
learned responses to physical or emotional pain, or a way to deal with
Each possible cause of the disorders is as unique as the disorder
itself, each cause is as complex as the disorder is itself and every
single individual who suffers from anorexia or bulimia are unique, as
pointed out by Sacker and Zimmer (1987) ‘Every single person suffering
from bulimia and anorexia nervosa is unique’. Due to the uniqueness
and the complexness of each disorder and the difference in each
individual’s personality, it is paramount to look deeper in order to
devise the best possible treatment for anorexia nervosa and bulimia,
as currently most eating disorders are treated in a similar manner.
The main question this research proposal aims to answer is, what are
the main reasons some people develop anorexia and others develop
bulimia? What role personality plays in making individuals more
prone to suffering...