Growth Rate And Development In Boys And Girls

1369 words - 5 pages

Introduction
Over the years boys and girls grow at a constant pace, which is considered to be “normal.” There are many factors that influence a child’s height, such as their gender, genetics, nutrition, physical activity, present health problems, etc. Evidently, “Normal” growth does not have an exact approximation by how much a child grows but explains what factors influence a normal growth rate. These factors include healthy eating, exercise and enough sleep. If a child remains active in these three factors, they will most likely grow at a normal rate.
Eventually, puberty catches up to both boys and girls. During this time their body changes and they will grow a bit more before they stop growing. A girl will reach her adulthood by the age of 15 or 16, depending on when puberty started. Therefore, it may be later on because it has been said that a girl stops growing when she reaches the age of 18 (not always true). A thing that can be noticeable is that during a younger age, girls seem to be somewhat taller than guys. As a male gets older though, around the ages of 12 to 15, he will grow most quickly. Boys have been said to grow until the age of 21, a lot slower that is. With current information it’s not very difficult to determine why most guys are taller than girls.
Essentially, genetics can be a very useful and important role in determining the growth of a person. If a boy or girl has short parents then they will most likely be short as well. The opposite is possible as well. If one parent is tall and the other short then it can be somewhat difficult to tell if the child while be short or tall unless additional information can be observed, such as genetics.
Overall, going to a Doctor’s office to determine if a child is growing at a normal pace is a smart idea. The doctor has a growth chart where he/she can determine how someone is growing compared to others of the same age and gender. The chart usually goes up until about the age of 20. If there seems to be a problem, the doctor can observe the growth over a period of months and then determine what the problem is based off of the pattern. Many things can show why a child is not growing properly. Whether they have health problems, born prematurely, puberty started early or late, etc. Doctors can also use a BMI (Body Mass Index) to determine if a person’s weight is appropriate for their age and height. If not, then a healthy range can be determined based on the BMI chart.
Supporting Information
As I have mentioned, boys and girls usually grow in height and weight at a steady pace. Girls grow 2.5 to 3 inches (6 to 8 centimeters) each year where as guys grow 3 to almost 5 inches (8 to 12 centimeters) each year. Data represents that the rate of growth between boys and girls is about the same within the first 8 years. At the age of about 10 to 12 ½, girls grow about 2 more centimeters than boys. Furthermore, when they get to the age of 13, females will still grow but...

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