Gtmo Essay

1097 words - 5 pages

United States is one the nations which to be considered with high level civilization and human rights, but it is not always the case. The methods the U.S. governments use for fighting terrorism are violations of human rights. Due to the 9/11 attacks in New York City in 2002, the U.S. government has established a prison in Guantanamo Bay in order to detain the terrorist captures. Due to the unique location and political background of Guantanamo Bay, the detention facility has raised controversy. It is on Cuban southeastern end and it is separated by high hills from the rest of the island; it is also one of the U.S. military base locates outside the American mainland. In fact, the exist of Guantánamo prison and the way it treats detainees may be one of the most arguable issues in the world today.
Currently, the detainees in Guantanamo are held without any justification. In fact, since the prison has established in 2002, the Bush Administration had detained people who they captured oversee. According to Andy Worthington, a GTMO investigative journalist, many young men were missing around 2000’s in Pakistan, no one knows whether they die or be sent to Guantanamo. Besides, the Bush Administration has never clearly announced who, the detainees, they captured and held, but they claimed that these people are the worst of the worst guys who are responsible for the 9/11 attacks. Basically, the Bush Administration held these people without any rights because no one knows who these prisoners are and what process are used, so they could do whatever they want to these people. According to Max Weber, “human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory.” The legitimate state operates security force or violence lawfully over its jurisdiction under a legitimate civilian authority. Since Guantanamo locates in Cuban, it does not fall under any U.S. legal jurisdiction. It implies that the U.S. government can conduct any illegal activity to these detainees because their action does not need to be proved and agreed by the U.S. people. According to Worthington, only two acceptable approaches can deprive people’s liberty; under the civilian situation, the defendant need to be arrested with at least one or more clear charges or crimes, and then the defendant would be put on trial in court to be convicted; in the war time, the defendant would be taken away from the battlefield and be imprisoned unmolested until the end of hostilities in accordance. The detainees in Guantanamo are neither of these two situations.
In addition, the legal rights of these detainees also being deprived. As mention above, most of the detainees have no idea why they were detained in Guantanamo and what charges they face. At the beginning, all detainees were not allowed to be accessed by lawyers, their families, and the outside world. However, the U.S. government did not reveal any information and the mainstream media in...

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