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Guest Workers In Germany Essay

1342 words - 5 pages

Majority & Minority Relationships in “Turkish” Germany
The guest workers arrived from the eastern bloc, Vietnam, North Korea, Angola, Mozambique and Cuba. Their opportunities were limited by the Stasi, the Government of Eastern Germany. Guest workers were limited to their dormitories or an area that the Germans were prohibited to enter. They were faced with deportation, premature discontinuation of residence and were to obtain specialized work permits along with other sources of open discrimination in their workplaces. From the guest workers that remained in Eastern Germany, approximately 75 % were encouraged to leave due to the rising tide of xenophobia. The Vietnamese, one group in particular, could not return because of diplomatic reasons. During this time the Turkish people experienced many forms of prejudice. For a period of 8 to 15 years they were granted citizenship and were to remain for a definite length of time but return to their original country once they’d acquired precise skills that would strengthen the economy. German workers, once arrived, were required to perform occupations that were reserved for the unskilled which ultimately lead to Germany’s reigning in of third place for the richest country. Crime was excessive, unemployment was an extreme low, and of these downfalls only 18% were from Berlin while approximately 35%, the city of Turks. The housing and education were insufficient for the guest workers and though they played minor political roles, they generally kept to themselves and social class. Germany’s immigration program began in 1955 while it was suffering the toils of high redundancy. Guest workers at this time were of Italian, Spanish and Greek descent and in 1961 workers also disembarked from Turkey and soon followed by those from Morocco. The program ended in 1973 when an oil crisis reduced the German economy to ruins. At this time Turkish presence in Germany estimated roughly 3 million and 200,000 of these migrants were in Berlin implementing such jobs as doctors, lawyers, shops, the owners of eateries, and salons. Germany did not proclaim to be an “immigration” country and the word was never used in reference to the guest workers. There was no money spent on educating the guests on German language or supporting their integration into overall society. The native and immigrant population occupied the same countries but they shared common grounds. Western Berlin valued freedom whilst the East did not. The Westerners were highly productive more so than Easterners and it was assumed that the Soviet Union did not want these two associating with the other as a form of limiting and restraining them. Several Turkish workers were asked to choose between integration into West German society or return to their previous home after having lived for 15 years in the country but the “guests” felt slight affiliation with the places of their origin.
Turks were initially welcomed into the German society as...

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