Guidance (School) Counseling Essay

2515 words - 10 pages

Guidance (School) Counseling

Guidance counseling, also called school counseling, has evolved over the years into an important part of the education system. Counselors are now taking on new roles in schools as leaders so much so that the ways in which counseling is being implemented has become a much talked about topic in schools. The effectiveness of counseling in schools is looked at by the education system more frequently than it was in the past. Though all school counselors must follow a national model for counseling, the roles and functions of counselors at various levels in the school system are different, however, school counselors at all levels of education before college are generally effective despite implications.

Formal guidance programs using specialized textbooks started at the turn of the twentieth century with the social reform movement (Krumbultz & Kolpin, 2003). Because so many were outraged at people living in slums and the use of child labor, the vocational guidance movement began (Krumbultz & Kolpin, 2003). When it was first started, the movement’s aim was to guide people into the workforce to become productive members of society (Krumbultz & Kolpin, 2003). The Boston Vocational Bureau, established by Frank Parsons, was the first vocational counseling service and its model was copied by many schools, private organizations, and states (“Guidance and Counseling”, para. 3). The National Vocational Guidance system was formed in 1913 which helped to increase and legitimize the number of guidance counselors (Krumbultz & Kolpin, 2003). In the 1920s and 1930s counseling roles expanded beyond working with only vocational concerns to the social, educational, and personal aspects of a student’s life (Krumbultz & Kolpin, 2003). Guidance counselors did not start to see support for their work until the passage of the George Dean Act, which provided funds directly for the purpose of guidance counseling (Krumbultz & Kolpin, 2003). Before World War II, testing was used as a means of treating clients, however, American psychologist Carl Rogers later developed a theory that minimized advice-giving from the counselor and stressed conditions that made the client more in control of the counseling content (Krumbultz & Kolpin, 2003). The professional identity of the school counselor was furthered with the development of the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) in the 1950s, whose model is nationally recognized today (Krumbultz & Kolpin, 2003). In the 1970s there began to be an emphasis on the benefits that could be obtained with structured evaluations and on the accountability of services provided by school counselors, both of which are still emphasized today (Krumbultz & Kolpin, 2003). Training standards and requirements were developed in the 1980s where counselors were “trained to adapt the educational environment to the student needs” (Krumbultz & Kolpin, 2003, p. 976). In the 1990s school counseling was ignored as an...

Find Another Essay On Guidance (School) Counseling

Program Balance for Developing and Implementing a Comprehensive Developmental School Counseling Program

1271 words - 6 pages . Guidance instruction begins in the early years and expands each year until graduation. The curriculum may be taught solely by the counselor or in collaboration with classroom teachers (Texas Counseling Association, 2004). The second component of the Texas Model is responsive services. Responsive services meet the immediate needs of students. Topics have been identified at the state level as having high priority and/or relevance within the school

Group Career Counseling, Is It Really Beneficial?

997 words - 4 pages the educational nature of the content. According to Gillombardo, who has done research on group career counseling in secondary education, found that when career-planning activities were implemented, counselors would hold one-time seminars to a large group of students in order to provide information in a timely manner. Within these large group seminars, the school may provide information on post-secondary education and careers, but not

The History and Development of School Counseling

1084 words - 5 pages counselor stay in current industry trends. It takes time and energy to become a successful school counselor and requires good study habits and determination to finish your schooling. The history and development of school counseling began as a vocational guidance movement in the beginning of the 20th century that emerged from the industrial revolution. In 1907 Jesse B. Davis was thought to be one of the first to implement a sort of systematic guidance

The Guidance Counselor

1120 words - 4 pages -12)”. Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. March 06, 1998 . (November 02, 1998). Chiles, Donna. School Guidance and Counseling. Pupil Personnel Services Recommended Practices and Procedures Manual. Springfield: Illinois State Board of Education, 1983. Ellis, Thomas I. The Missouri Comprehensive Guidance Model. Ann Arbor: ERIC Clearinghouse, 1990. Feller, Richard, & Daly, J. Counselor Role and Educational Change

exploration of clinical and counseling psychology

828 words - 4 pages Cloud. I was paired up with two high school seniors to help them determine what college best suits them. I helped them in all aspects of the college search and application process. At the same time I was there to motivate them and help them keep up with school. My experience there was amazing and it left me wanting to experience a similar setting in the near future. This is why I am currently interning as a guidance counselor. Counseling

journal critique

710 words - 3 pages incorporating counseling interventions in a school setting helps the students academically and their overall well-being. One important element of this transformation was the Navigation 101 guidance program, which is a program where teachers, administration, school counselors, and parents had access to input and track the student status. This program with the help of those who worked and care for students help tremendously school counselors to

Christian Counseling and Secular Psychology

1480 words - 6 pages guidance and truth from the Scripture, being the only truth (Crabb, 1977). While secular counselors base their techniques on research and often built on “unobservable or hypothetical constructs”, this can lead to a fusion of data and interpretation (Crabb, 1977). Dr. Crabb’s model of counseling addressed in his book Effective Biblical Counseling addresses the need for the attempt to merge Christian and secular counseling in order to effectively

Benefits of a Program Audit

721 words - 3 pages ground upon which the rest of the comprehensive school counseling program is built” (ASCA, 2012, p. 21). The second component in the program audit is the delivery system. The delivery system includes the guidance curriculum, individual student planning, responsive services, and the system support (ASCA, 2005). This component focuses on the method of implementing the school counseling program to students. These methods are known as direct and

Career Counseling Over the Lifespan

3688 words - 15 pages -half million children from 10-13 years of age were employed in factories (Pope, 2000). The end of World War I and the Depression influenced the beginning of educational guidance in the public school system. Thus began the formal study of vocational guidance. The next significant growth of career counseling occurred at the end of World War II. Thousands of veterans returned home anxious to rejoin America’s work force (Pope, 2000). This

A Career in Career Counseling

987 words - 4 pages majority of vocational counseling is low in cost or at no cost as it varies. Career counseling is designed for individuals who needs confidential guidance in different areas of study such as experiencing indecision towards their future career path, to discover opportunities , crises such as dismissal or even unhappiness in their work. Career counseling involves coming in contact with a trained career counselor in either a one or one or a group

The Benefits of School Counseling

2034 words - 8 pages (Wright, 2012). With this knowledge, I ventured out to interview a counselor and obtain insight in school counseling. I have learnt that school counselors help to improve, maintain and enhance emotional, social, physical, mental fitness and do develop life-long learning. I do appreciate the role and challenges that the school counselors face and the work that they do in our schools (Sciarra, 2004). Scope of counselor role The first thing that

Similar Essays

School Guidance Counseling Group: When Parents Divorce

2996 words - 12 pages positive peer relations (Beverly et al, 2007). Corey, Corey and Corey (2014) highlight the first step in planning a group is to come up with a proposal. This purpose of this paper is to put forth that proposal for implementation of a divorce support group in a particular school setting. School Guidance Counseling Group: When Parents Divorce A significant portion of children in the United States are impacted by divorce. Empirical

Principal's Perception Of Counselors Essay

2603 words - 10 pages counselors are. School counselors are “someone who helps students to connect to careers” (p.18). In 1930 E. G. Williamson’s article ( as cited in Lambie& Williamson, 2004) explained that Frank Parsons changed vocational guidance to school counseling. Parsons defined school counseling as “how to counsel children” (p.18). In 1953, Truman Kelly at Columbia University (as cited in Hardy, 2008) called school counselors “educational guidance” (p. 18

Evaluation Of Programs Essay

747 words - 3 pages . Each professional school counselor must be knowledgeable of the competencies expected of them as they perform the role of school counselor (ASCA, 2012) (Texas Counseling Association, 2004). As professional school counselors plan, develop, and implement their comprehensive guidance and counseling program, they are also preparing the evaluation of the programs (Gysbers & Henderson, 2006). How does a professional school counselor evaluate

Critique Of Hardy's Dissertation Essay

921 words - 4 pages following information regarding appropriate school counseling duties such as individual and group counseling, large group guidance and consultation with stakeholders versus inappropriate duties such as, lunch, bus and recess duty, clerical duties, discipline students and supervising detention halls. Reportedly, New York State model will provide administrators and districts with a clear and defined role for all practicing school counselors. Lastly