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Guillain Barre Syndrome Essay

2004 words - 9 pages

Throughout history, society has been confronted by conditions, diseases, and syndromes that could not be treated, let alone cured. In 1916, a man named Georges Guillain, a man named Jean Alexandre Barre, and a man named Andre Strohl, began to observe symptoms in a soldier that they later named Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Amongst the syndromes that leave research scientists discombobulated is Guillain-Barre Syndrome, GBS. GBS is a rare but serious condition that has various effects on well-being.
During the year of 1976, originating at Fort Dix in New Jersey, a swine flu outbreak occurred that swept across the United States. As thousands stormed into clinics, vaccinations reached its peak. Though the success of the vaccines was better than anticipated, several unfortunates began to develop symptoms of an unidentified syndrome. Approximately five hundred of the thousands of people who received a vaccination for the swine flu began to experience prickling in the fingers and tingling in the toes. They also experienced weakness in the legs that seemed to exacerbate into other symptoms that moved towards the upper body, usually to the arms. Twenty five of the five hundred diagnosed with this disorder passed away due to the complications. The government was forced to take blame of the deaths because they agreed to take liability of the vaccinations and their side-effects.
Guillain-Barre Syndrome is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks the nervous system, especially that of the Peripheral Nervous System, PNS. The PNS connects to the Central Nervous System, CNS, which allows the limbs and organs to react/function. Tissues and organs affected are the peripheral nerves and muscle movements. GBS can range from severe to minor, depending on how long the symptoms go untreated. The symptoms of GBS are close to the symptoms of many other disorders/conditions which make the diagnosis a long and rigorous process. GBS causes extremely high protein levels and difficulty in bladder control thus, differentiating it from other syndromes; though by the time these symptoms occur, GBS could be long on its way to permanently damaging the nerves. Some people endure prolonged nerve pain due to the longer the syndrome goes untreated.
When first diagnosed with GBS one may be put into an Intensive Care Unit, ICU, to be monitored for any respiratory failures and other bodily infections/instabilities. A plasmapheresis (plasma exchange) will be done to cleanse your blood of any damaging antibodies. Your blood will be exchanged for healthy protein. On many cases your heart beat will be monitored closely because GBS tends to trigger rapid heartbeat and an extreme rise or low in blood pressure.
Scientists and doctors first thought the origin of Guillain-Barre Syndrome was from the swine flu outbreak that occurred in 1976, but after the first appearances people began to develop the same symptoms with and without the vaccinations. Ergo, the exact cause of...

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